Concepts of social inclusion mainly focus on participation in public sphere activities, often overlooking the constraints of the private sphere, such as informal care. For Indigenous Australians, social inclusion concepts are yet to fully address cultural diversity and cultural maintenance issues. 

This project employed mixed methods and international comparative approaches to deepen understanding about carers’ inclusion across many life domains. It used this knowledge to reconceptualise ‘social inclusion’ and to develop alternative indicators. This evidence aims to inform policies to foster the social inclusion of Indigenous and non-Indigenous carers.

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