Pradeep Ray

Senior Lecturer

Pradeep Kanta Ray is a specialist in the field of teaching and research in international business at the School of Management and Governance, UNSW School of Business. His research concerns operations of multinational companies, disruptive innovations for the base of the pyramid, and internationalisation strategies latecomer and emerging market firms. His publications include a research book titled FDI and industrial organization in developing countries: The challenge of globalization in India (Routledge 2010). He has peer reviewed papers in international journals including the World Development, Technovation, Journal of World Business, Asia Pacific Journal of Management, IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, Energy, Regional Studies Regional Science, and has contributions in research books. Pradeep obtained his PhD in international business from University of Western Australia in 1999. He has 10 years industry experience in senior roles in multinational organizations in India including EMI Music Ltd.

Research Grants:

  • 2008-09: School of Organisation and Management Research Grant for the project 'Comparative cross country study of globalisation of technology', $20,000
  • 2005-06: Australian Research Council Linkage (International) Grant, for the project 'Towards a Virtual Enterprise Framework for Effective Business Process Outsourcing', $13,600
  • 2003-04: Special Research Grant, Faculty of Commerce and Economics, UNSW, for the project, 'Determining mobility barriers and competitive advantage of Japanese and Indian firms', $5,000
  • 2002-03: Foreign Research Scholar, Ministry of Education, Japan. Administered by Hannan University, Osaka, Japan for studies in the project 'International development in the Asia Pacific', ¥500,000
  • 2002-03: Special Research Grant, Faculty of Commerce and Economics, UNSW, for the project, 'Overseas research and development and intellectual property rights distribution in transnational corporations', $3,980
  • 2001-02: Special Research Grant, Faculty of Commerce and Economics, UNSW, for the project, 'Foreign dependence and the propensity for inter-firm linkages in multinational and local enterprises in India', $3,750
  • 2000-01: Special Research Grant, Faculty of Commerce and Economics, UNSW, for the project, 'Flying geese of national development or flying goose of foreign direct investment? Industrialisation based on indigenous capital versus monopoly capital', $4,000
  • 1999-2000: Special Research Grant, Faculty of Commerce and Economics, UNSW, for the project, 'The institutional context and resource dependence in multinational and local enterprises in India under economic liberalisation', $2,000
  • 1999-2000: Foreign Research Scholar, Ministry of Education, Japan. Administered by Hannan University, Osaka, Japan for studies in the project 'Flying Geese and Product Cycles: International Development in the Asia Pacific', ¥500,000

Research Interests:

  • National innovation systems
  • Industrial organisation in developing countries
  • Vertical inter-firm linkages of multinational corporations
  • Creation and appropriation of intellectual property rights in multinational corporations
  • Globalisation of firms from emerging countries
  • Welfare impact of foreign direct investment

 

publications

Journal articles
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Sharmelly R; Ray PK, 2021, 'Managing resource-constrained innovation in emerging markets: Perspectives from a business model', Technology in Society, vol. 65, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.techsoc.2021.101538
2021
Ray S; Ray PK, 2021, 'Innovation strategy of latecomer firms under tight appropriability regimes: The Indian pharmaceuticals industry', Journal of International Management, vol. 27, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intman.2020.100820
2021
Klarin A; Ray PK, 2021, 'Industrial modernisation through institutional upheaval in a transition economy', International Journal of Emerging Markets, vol. 16, pp. 283 - 302, http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/IJOEM-02-2018-0107
2021
Ray PK; Kathuria V; Kumar V, 2020, 'Slippery space and sticky places: evidence from the Indian IT industry', Regional Studies, Regional Science, vol. 7, pp. 52 - 74, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21681376.2020.1718545
2020
Klarin A; Ray PK, 2019, 'Political connections and strategic choices of emerging market firms: Case study of Russia’s pharmaceutical industry', International Journal of Emerging Markets, vol. 14, pp. 410 - 435, http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/IJOEM-05-2016-0138
2019
Sharmelly R; Ray PK, 2018, 'Influence of policies in capability evolution and industry structure: Lessons from the Indian automotive industry and implications for other developing countries', World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, vol. 14, pp. 250 - 270, http://dx.doi.org/10.1504/WREMSD.2018.089070
2018
Ray PK; Sharmelly R, 2018, 'Influence of policies in capability evolution and industry structure: lessons from the Indian automotive industry and implications for other developing countries', World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, vol. 14, pp. 250 - 250, http://dx.doi.org/10.1504/wremsd.2018.10009034
2018
Sharmelly R; Ray PK, 2018, 'The role of frugal innovation and collaborative ecosystems: The case of Hyundai in India', Journal of General Management, vol. 43, pp. 157 - 174, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0306307018762698
2018
Ray PK; Ray S; Kumar V, 2017, 'Internationalization of latecomer firms from emerging economies - the role of resultant and autonomous learning', Asia Pacific Journal of Management, vol. 34, pp. 851 - 873, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10490-017-9527-y
2017
Sharmelly R; Ray PK; Klarin A, 2016, '"Organizational capabilities for mass market innovation: A Case study of Mahindra & Mahindra"""', Academy of Management Proceedings, vol. 2016, pp. 14882 - 14882, http://dx.doi.org/10.5465/ambpp.2016.14882abstract
2016
Riaz Z; Ray S; Ray PK, 2015, 'Collibration as an alternative regulatory mechanism to govern the disclosure of director and executive remuneration in Australia', International Journal of Corporate Governance, vol. 6, pp. 241 - 241, http://dx.doi.org/10.1504/ijcg.2015.074688
2015
Ray PK; Sharmelly R, 2015, 'Organizational capabilities for mass market innovations in the emerging economies: Insights from an automobile firm in India', Journal of comparative international management, vol. 18, https://journals.lib.unb.ca/index.php/JCIM
2015
Riaz Z; Ray S; Ray PK; Kumar V, 2015, 'Disclosure practices of foreign and domestic firms in Australia', Journal of World Business, vol. 50, pp. 781 - 792, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jwb.2015.04.001
2015
Kathuria V; Ray P; Bhangaonkar R, 2015, 'FDI (foreign direct investment) in wind energy sector in India: Testing the effectiveness of state policies using panel data', Energy, vol. 80, pp. 190 - 202, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2014.11.062
2015
Riaz Z; Ray S; Ray PK, 2014, 'The synergistic effect of state regulation and self-regulation on disclosure level of director and executive remuneration in Australia', Administration and Society, vol. Published online before print January 9, 2014, pp. 1 - 33, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0095399713516352
2014
Riaz Z; Ray S; Ray PK; Kirkbride J, 2013, 'Collibration as an alternative regulatory approach for remuneration governance: A contextual analysis of Australia', International Journal of Disclosure and Governance, vol. 10, pp. 246 - 260, http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/jdg.2013.1
2013
Riaz Z; Ray S; Kirkbride J; Ray PK, 2013, 'Collibration as an Alternative Regulatory Mechanism for Corporate Governance in a Capitalist Economy', Academy of Management Proceedings, vol. 2013, pp. 16439 - 16439, http://dx.doi.org/10.5465/ambpp.2013.16439abstract
2013
Riaz Z; Ray S; Ray PK, 2013, 'Synergistic Effect of State &Self-regulations on Disclosure Level of Board Remuneration in Australia', Academy of Management Proceedings, vol. 2013, pp. 14104 - 14104, http://dx.doi.org/10.5465/ambpp.2013.14104abstract
2013
Liu JJW; Ray PK, 2012, 'The 'Triple-alliance' perspective for new industry creation: Lessons from the flat panel industry in Taiwan', Journal of Asian Economics, vol. 23, pp. 585 - 599, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asieco.2012.06.006
2012
Ray S; Ray PK, 2011, 'Product innovation for the peoples car in an emerging economy', Technovation, vol. 31, pp. 216 - 227, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2011.01.004
2011
Franco E; Ray S; Ray PK, 2011, 'Patterns of Innovation Practices of Multinational-Affiliates in Emerging Economies: Evidences from Brazil and India', World Development, vol. 39, pp. 1249 - 1260, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2011.03.003
2011
Ray PK; Ray S, 2010, 'Resource Constrained Innovation for Emerging Economies:The Case of the Indian Telecommunications Industry', IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, vol. 57, pp. 144 - 156
2010
Ray PK, 2009, 'Resource constrained innovation for emerging economies: the case of Indian telecommunications industry', IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management
2009
Ray PK; Venaik S, 2008, 'Foreign Ownership and Subsidiary Performance: Impact on Research and Exports?', Economic and Political Weekly, vol. 43, pp. 57 - 65
2008
Ray PK; Rahman S, 2006, 'The propensity for local innovation and inter-firm linkages in transnational corporations versus local enterprises in India', Transnational Corporations, vol. 15, pp. 71 - 98
2006
Ray PK; Suh C; Ida M; Rahman S, 2004, 'Dynamic Capabilities of Japanese and Korean Enterprises and the `Flying Geese` of International Competitiveness', Asia Pacific Business Review, vol. 10, pp. 463 - 484, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1360238042000264469
2004
Ray PK; Veniak S, 2001, 'Foreign firms and local linkages: a study of comparative behaviour of multinational-affiliates and local enterprises in India', Economic and Political Weekly, pp. 4385 - 4391
2001
Ray PK, 2000, 'Multinational enterprises as engines of development', Indian Journal of Industrial Relations, pp. 174 - 195
2000
Ray PK; Rahman SS, 2000, 'Public policy and the role of multinational and local enterprises in the Indian Drugs and Pharmaceiuticals industry', Global Business Review, vol. 1, pp. 207 - 228, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/097215090000100204
2000
Books
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Ray PK, 2019, FDI and industrial organization in developing countries: The challenge of globalization in India, http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9781351158329
2019
Ray PK, 2005, Foreign direct investment and industrial organisation in India: The challenge of globalisation and development, First, Ashgate Publishers, Aldershot
2005
Ray PK; Suh C; Ida M, 2000, Flying geese of international development: some case studies on Japan, South Korea and India, Original, Korea Australasia Research Centre, Sydney, Australia
2000
Conference Papers
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Ray PK; Mukherjee P, 2010, 'GLOBALISATION PATTERN OF EMERGING MARKET FIRMS', in European International Business Academy, EIBA, Portugal, presented at The European International Business Academy Conference, Porto, Portugal, 09 December 2010 - 11 December 2010
2010
Ray PK, 2009, 'The impact of foreign firms knowledge creation on host countries: the case of India', in The impact of foreign firms knowledge creation on host countries: the case of India, EIBA, Valencia, Spain, presented at EIBA, Valencia, Spain, 13 December 2009 - 15 December 2009
2009
Ray PK; Ray S, 2008, 'Innovation for Emerging Economies: Lesson from a Local Enterprise', in Globalization, Innovation, and Leadership, 2008 AIB South East Asia Regional Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, presented at 2008 AIB South East Asia Regional Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 04 December 2008 - 06 December 2008
2008
Ray PK; Ray S; Franco E, 2008, 'Innovation Practices of Multinational Affiliates in Brazil and India', in Innovation Practices of Multinational Affiliates in Brazil and India, Confronting the Challenge of Technology for Development: Experience from the BRICs,, Oxford University,, presented at Confronting the Challenge of Technology for Development: Experience from the BRICs,, Oxford University,, 30 May 2008
2008
Suh C; Ray PK; Ida M; Qiu JX, 2007, 'Technology Accumulation in the Flying Geese Trajectory - The Case of South Korea', in Academy of International Business: Southeast Asia Regional Conference, Academy of International Business Southeast Asia Regional Conference 2007, Hangzhou, China, presented at Academy of International Business Southeast Asia Regional Conference 2007, Hangzhou, China, 06 December 2007 - 08 December 2007
2007
Ray PK; Hazari B, 2006, 'An Analysis of the International Music Industry: Problems and Prospects', in ANZIBA, Australia and New Zealand International Business Academy 2006, Wellington, New Zealand, presented at Australia and New Zealand International Business Academy 2006, Wellington, New Zealand, 16 November 2006 - 18 November 2006
2006
Ray PK; Venaik S, 2006, 'Contribution of MNCs to subsidiary stakeholders', in Chan TS; Cui G; Hau A (eds.), 2006 AIB Southeast Asia Regional Conference: Global Vision and Local Competence, AIB Southeast Asia Regional Conference: Global Vision and Local Competence 2006, Bangkok, Thailand, pp. Track 4, presented at AIB Southeast Asia Regional Conference: Global Vision and Local Competence 2006, Bangkok, Thailand, 07 December 2006 - 09 December 2006
2006
Ray PK, 2006, 'Resource Constrained Innovation for Developing Countries: The Case of the Indian Telecommunications Industry', in ANZIBA, Wellington, New Zealand, pp. 144 - 156, presented at Australia and New Zealand International Business Academy 2006, Wellington, New Zealand, 16 November 2006 - 18 November 2006, http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEM.2009.2033044
2006
Ray PK; Mukherjee P, 2006, 'Emerging Nations` Globalised Enterprises - An Unconventional Model of Rapid Globalisation', in ANZIBA, Australia and New Zealand International Business Academy 2006, Wellington, New Zealand, presented at Australia and New Zealand International Business Academy 2006, Wellington, New Zealand, 16 November 2006 - 18 November 2006
2006
Ray PK; Venaik S, 2004, 'Hierarchies and consumer illfare: governance issues in recorded music industry', in 30th EIBA Annual Conference, 30th EIBA Annual Conference, Ljubljana, Slovenia, presented at 30th EIBA Annual Conference, Ljubljana, Slovenia, 05 December 2004 - 08 December 2004
2004
Ray PK, 2004, 'Developing Indigenous Capabilities: Reverse Engineering and Policy Intervention in the Indian Pharmaceutical Industry', in 2004 Annual Conference of the Australia-New Zealand International Business Academy, Annual Conference of the Australia-New Zealand International Business Academy 2004, Canberra, presented at Annual Conference of the Australia-New Zealand International Business Academy 2004, Canberra, 05 November 2004 - 06 November 2004
2004
Ray PK; Veniak S, 2003, 'Virtual Transnational Corporations: Redefining the economic geography of international partnership in the new world economic order.', in European International Business Academy Annual Conference, European International Business Academy Annual Conference, Copenhagen, Denmark, presented at European International Business Academy Annual Conference, Copenhagen, Denmark, 11 December 2003 - 13 December 2003
2003
Suh C; Ray PK; Ida M; Rahman S, 2003, 'Dynamic Capabilities and Competitive Advantage in the Asia Pacific: Convergence and Contrasts in Japanese, Korean and Indian Enterprises', in Australia-New Zealand International Business Academy Conference, Australia-New Zealand International Business Academy Conference, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand, presented at Australia-New Zealand International Business Academy Conference, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand, 07 November 2003 - 08 November 2003
2003
Ray PK; Venaik S, 2002, 'Overseas Research and Development Appropriation of Intellectual Property Rights in transnational corporations', in 2002 AIB Southeast Asia and Australia Regional Conference, AIB Southeast Asia Regional Conference 2002, Shanghai, China, presented at AIB Southeast Asia Regional Conference 2002, Shanghai, China, 18 July 2002 - 20 July 2002
2002
Suh C; Ray PK; Ida M, 2002, 'Industrial Strategy and Regional Development of the Global Electronics Industry in Asia: Evidence from Japan, Korea and India', in 2002 AIB Southeast Asia and Australia Regional Conference, AIB Southeast Asia Regional Conference 2002, Shanghai, China, presented at AIB Southeast Asia Regional Conference 2002, Shanghai, China, 18 July 2002 - 20 July 2002
2002
Ray PK, 2001, 'The impact of state regulation on corporate governance and performance in India: future prospects for multinational and local enterprises', in Governance and Social Responsibility Conference Proceedings of the 2001 Conference, Governance and Social Responsibility Conference 2001 Conference, Deakin University, Geelong Australia, presented at Governance and Social Responsibility Conference 2001 Conference, Deakin University, Geelong Australia, 26 November 2001 - 27 November 2001
2001
Ray PK, 2001, 'Multinational and local enterprises as engines of progress in the Indian electronics industry', in Academy of International Business: South East Asia Region (AIBSEAR) 2001 Conference, Academy of International Business Southeast Asia Regional Conference 2001, Jakarta, Indonesia, presented at Academy of International Business Southeast Asia Regional Conference 2001, Jakarta, Indonesia, 04 July 2001 - 06 July 2001
2001
Ganguly P; Ray PK; Lovell NH, 2000, 'Workflow-based approach towards distributed health care applications.', in Digest of Paper of the 2000 World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering and the Proceedings of the 22nd, Chicago Illinois USA, pp. 555 - 558, presented at Digest of Paper of the 2000 World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering and the 22nd, Chicago Illinois USA, 23 July 2000 - 28 July 2000
2000
Suh C; Ray PK; Ida M, 2000, 'Flying geese of national development or flying goose of foreign direct investment?', in 2000 Annual Conference of the Academy of International Business Southeast Asian Region, Annual Conference of the Academy of International Business Southeast Asian Region 2000, Hong Kong, presented at Annual Conference of the Academy of International Business Southeast Asian Region 2000, Hong Kong, 23 July 2000 - 26 July 2000
2000
Ray PK; Veniak S, 2000, 'Foreign dependence and the propensity for inter-firm linkages in multinational and local enterprises', in Australia and New Zealand International Business Academy (ANZIBA) Annual Conference, Australia and New Zealand International Business Academy 2000, Auckland, New Zealand, presented at Australia and New Zealand International Business Academy 2000, Auckland, New Zealand, 13 October 2000 - 14 October 2000
2000
Ray PK; Ida M; Ichikawa T, 2000, 'Electronic money and the possibilities of declining national sovereignty', in Appa Korukonda (ed.), Academy of Business and Administrative Sciences 2000 International Conference, Academy of Business and Administrative Sciences 2000 International Conference, Prague, Czech Republic, pp. 8 - 8, presented at Academy of Business and Administrative Sciences 2000 International Conference, Prague, Czech Republic, 10 July 2000
2000
Ray PK, 1999, 'Efficiency versus equity: Theoretical perspectives on strategic management of the Multinational enterprise in a developing economy', in Annual Conference: Academy of International Business SouthEast Asia Region 1999, Annual Conference: Academy of International Business SouthEast Asia Region 1999, Melbourne, presented at Annual Conference: Academy of International Business SouthEast Asia Region 1999, Melbourne, 08 July 1999 - 10 July 1999
1999
Ray PK, 1999, 'Strategic role of multinational and local enterprises in developing countries: A conceptual framework', in Gaughey SM; Gray S; Purcell W (eds.), International Business Dynamics of the New Millenium, International Business Dynamics of the New Millenium, Sydney, pp. 330 - 330, presented at International Business Dynamics of the New Millenium, Sydney, 30 September 1999 - 02 October 1999
1999
Ray PK; Rahman SS, 1995, 'Discriminating industry contexts and the mode of rivalry of multinational and local enterprises in India', in Tamer Cavusgil (ed.), Academy of International Business: 2000 Annual Meeting, Academy of International Business Southeast Asia Regional Conference 1995, Perth, WA, pp. 95 - 95, presented at Academy of International Business Southeast Asia Regional Conference 1995, Perth, WA, 20 June 1995 - 23 June 1995
1995
Ray PK, 1995, 'Multinational and local enterprises in the Indian telecommunications industry: an analysis of state intervention and comparative behaviour', in Tamer Cavusgil (ed.), Academy of International Business: 2000 Annual Meeting, Academy of International Business Southeast Asia Regional Conference 1995, Perth, WA, pp. 29 - 29, presented at Academy of International Business Southeast Asia Regional Conference 1995, Perth, WA, 20 June 1995 - 23 June 1995
1995
Book Chapters
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Ray PK; Ida M; Suh C; Rahman S, 2009, 'Dynamic capabilities of Japanese and Korean enterprises', in Rowley C; Warner M (ed.), Globalization and Competitiveness, edn. Original, Routledge, London
2009
Ray PK; Venaik S, 2004, 'Overseas Research and Development and Appropriation of Intellectual Property Rights in Transnational Corporations', in Bhattacharya M; Smyth R; Vicziany M (ed.), South Asia in the Era of Globalization: Trade, Industrialization and Welfare, edn. First, Nova Science Publications, New York, USA, pp. 45 - 58
2004
Ray PK, 2003, 'Overseas Research and Development and Appropriation of Intellectual Property Rights in Transnational Corporations', in Bhattacharya M; Smyth R; Vicziany M (ed.), South Asia in the Era of Globalization: Trade, Industrialization and Welfare, edn. First, Nova Science Publications, New York, USA, pp. 45 - 57
2003
Ray PK, 2001, 'Centre for development of telematics: switching on the Telecom revolution in India', in Ghoshal S; Piramal G; Budhiraja S (ed.), World Class in India, edn. First, Penguin Books, New Delhi, pp. 532 - 552
2001
Ray PK, 2001, 'BPL Limited: global competition and guerilla warfare on local territory', in Ghoshal S; Piramal G; Budhiraja S (ed.), World Class in India, edn. First, Penguin Books, New Delhi, pp. 319 - 340
2001
Ray PK, 1999, 'A Review of State Intervention, Welfare and Multinational Enterprises in India', in Ghosh R; Gabbay R; Siddiqui MAB (ed.), Governance Issues and Sustainable Development: the Indian Ocean Region, edn. Original, Atlantic Publishers, New Delhi, pp. 235 - 264
1999
Working Papers
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Ray PK, 2008, `Patterns of Multinationals` Technological Strategies in Emerging Economices: Evidences from Brazil and India, http://dx.doi.org
2008