UNSW’s Energy Storage technologies capabilities focuses on innovations that will drive future energy and minerals production. We are investigating new extraction technologies for lithium and copper – two essential minerals for the creation of photovoltaic cells and lithium batteries - as well as renewable energy production from geothermal sources. In addition, the sub-surface can be used for the permanent geosequestration of CO2 or for storing energy from renewable sources, such as solar power, and efficiently used at later points. Our research focuses on how to make this use of the sub-surface as a storage facility safe and cost effective