NDARC Technical Report No. 290 (2007)
The aim of the review was to gather information relating to HIV prevention, treatment and care in prisons in the WHO South East Asia region. Countries in this region are Bangladesh; Bhutan; the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea; India; Indonesia; Maldives; Myanmar; Nepal; Sri Lanka; Thailand; and Timor-Leste. Countries selected for inclusion in the review were India, Indonesia, Thailand, Nepal and Myanmar. During the data collection phase, Myanmar was excluded due to circumstances beyond the authors’ control, leaving four countries for review.
Relevant published and unpublished reports and information from key experts were sought in order to provide a coherent picture of the current situation relating to HIV prevention, treatment and care in prisons in India, Indonesia, Thailand and Nepal. Information sought for inclusion in the review included:
Community data and information regarding HIV prevention, treatment and care:
Data and information specific to HIV prevention, treatment and care in prisons:
Extensive literature searches were carried out using online databases including Sciences Citations Index and Medline. Relevant websites (e.g. International Centre for Prison Studies; UNAIDS; UNODC Regional Centre for South Asia) were consulted to obtain further data and unpublished reports. Where gaps in the data collected remained, key experts were contacted via email or telephone and requests for specific information were made. Key experts were drawn from a wide variety of sources, including UN and other international agencies, NGOs working in prisons and/or the community in target countries and officials from relevant government ministries and prison administrative bodies.
A discussion of each country’s approach to the issue of HIV in prison is provided at the end of each chapter. A regional summary and recommendations for improved practice conclude the report.
Citation: Larney, S., Morton, P. & Dolan, K. (2007). HIV prevention, treatment and care in prisons in South-east Asia. Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre.