Dr Bart   Bolsterlee
Conjoint Associate Lecturer

Dr Bart Bolsterlee

PhD, Biomedical Engineering, "Subject-specific upper extremity modelling" (2014)

MSc Biomedical Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Netherlands (2010)

BSc Mechanical Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Netherlands (2006)

Grad Sch: Biomedical Eng

Dr Bart Bolsterlee is a mechanical engineer (BSc) and biomedical engineer (MSc, PhD) who studies the generation of force and movement in humans. His specialty is the use of imaging technologies such as MRI and ultrasound to study human movement biomechanics. In 2014 he completed his PhD in biomechanical modelling of the human upper limb at Delft University of Technology (The Netherlands). His current work at NeuRA focuses on the use of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI; an MRI technique) to measure muscle structure. He has recently developed novel algorithms to obtain quantitative measurements of muscle architecture by combining information from anatomical MRI and DTI scans. He applies these techniques to study mechanisms of muscle contracture (stiffening of muscles) in patients with stroke and cerebral palsy. He also performs studies in basic muscle physiology and biomechanics to elucidate the mechanical role of active and passive structures in muscles, and to study how muscles change shape following exercise.

Dr Bart Bolsterlee’s work has been published in high-quality journals such as Journal of Biomechanics, Journal of Applied Physiology and PlosONE. He is the secretary/treasurer of the Australian and New Zealand Society of Biomechanics.

02 9399 1832
Neuroscience Research Australia


  • Journal articles | 2021
    Bolsterlee B; Bye EA; Eguchi J; Thom J; Herbert RD, 2021, 'MRI-based Measurement of Effects of Strength Training on Intramuscular Fat in People with and without Spinal Cord Injury', Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 53, pp. 1270 - 1275, http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000002568
    Journal articles | 2021
    Luu BL; McDonald RJ; Bolsterlee B; Heroux ME; Butler JE; Hudson AL, 2021, 'Movement of the ribs in supine humans for small and large changes in lung volume.', J Appl Physiol (1985), http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.01046.2020
    Journal articles | 2020
    D'Souza A; Bolsterlee B; Herbert RD, 2020, 'Intramuscular Fat in the Medial Gastrocnemius Muscle of People Who Have Had a Stroke', Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, vol. 8, pp. 613, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fbioe.2020.00613
    Journal articles | 2020
    D'Souza A; Bolsterlee B; Lancaster A; Herbert RD, 2020, 'Intramuscular fat in children with unilateral cerebral palsy', Clinical Biomechanics, vol. 80, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2020.105183
    Journal articles | 2020
    Wakeling JM; Ross SA; Ryan DS; Bolsterlee B; Konno R; Domínguez S; Nigam N, 2020, 'The Energy of Muscle Contraction. I. Tissue Force and Deformation During Fixed-End Contractions', Frontiers in Physiology, vol. 11, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2020.00813
    Journal articles | 2020
    D'Souza A; Bolsterlee B; Herbert RD, 2020, 'Architecture of the medial gastrocnemius muscle in people who have had a stroke: A diffusion tensor imaging investigation', Clinical Biomechanics, vol. 74, pp. 27 - 33, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2020.02.004
    Journal articles | 2019
    Herbert RD; Bolsterlee B; Gandevia SC, 2019, 'Passive changes in muscle length', Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 126, pp. 1445 - 1453, http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00673.2018
    Journal articles | 2019
    Bolsterlee B; D'Souza A; Herbert RD, 2019, 'Reliability and robustness of muscle architecture measurements obtained using diffusion tensor imaging with anatomically constrained tractography', Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 86, pp. 71 - 78, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2019.01.043
    Journal articles | 2019
    Bye EA; Harvey LA; Glinsky JV; Bolsterlee B; Herbert RD, 2019, 'A preliminary investigation of mechanisms by which short-term resistance training increases strength of partially paralysed muscles in people with spinal cord injury', Spinal Cord, vol. 57, pp. 770 - 777, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41393-019-0284-2
    Journal articles | 2019
    D'Souza A; Bolsterlee B; Lancaster A; Herbert RD, 2019, 'Muscle architecture in children with cerebral palsy and ankle contractures: an investigation using diffusion tensor imaging', Clinical Biomechanics, vol. 68, pp. 205 - 211, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2019.06.013
    Journal articles | 2019
    Bilston LE; Bolsterlee B; Nordez A; Sinha S, 2019, 'Contemporary image-based methods for measuring passive mechanical properties of skeletal muscles in vivo', Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 126, pp. 1454 - 1464, http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00672.2018
    Journal articles | 2019
    Hoogervorst P; Bolsterlee B; Pijper M; Aalsma A; Verdonschot N, 2019, 'Forces acting on the clavicle during shoulder abduction, forward humeral flexion and activities of daily living', Clinical Biomechanics, vol. 69, pp. 79 - 86, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2019.07.001
    Journal articles | 2019
    Bird L; D’Souza A; Ball I; Rae C; Herbert RD; Bolsterlee B, 2019, 'Validity and reliability of measurements of aponeurosis dimensions from magnetic resonance images', Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, vol. 29, pp. 808 - 815, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sms.13407
    Journal articles | 2018
    Stubbs PW; Walsh LD; D'Souza A; Héroux ME; Bolsterlee B; Gandevia SC; Herbert RD, 2018, 'History-dependence of muscle slack length following contraction and stretch in the human vastus lateralis', Journal of Physiology, vol. 596, pp. 2121 - 2129, http://dx.doi.org/10.1113/JP275527
    Journal articles | 2018
    Bolsterlee B; Finni T; D'Souza A; Eguchi J; Clarke EC; Herbert RD, 2018, 'Three-dimensional architecture of the whole human soleus muscle in vivo', PeerJ, vol. 2018, http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.4610
    Journal articles | 2017
    Bolsterlee B; D'Souza A; Gandevia SC; Herbert RD, 2017, 'How does passive lengthening change the architecture of the human medial gastrocnemius muscle?', Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 122, pp. 727 - 738, http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00976.2016
    Journal articles | 2017
    Handsfield GG; Bolsterlee B; Inouye JM; Herbert RD; Besier TF; Fernandez JW, 2017, 'Determining skeletal muscle architecture with Laplacian simulations: a comparison with diffusion tensor imaging', Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology, vol. 16, pp. 1845 - 1855, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10237-017-0923-5
    Journal articles | 2016
    Bolsterlee B; Gandevia SC; Herbert RD, 2016, 'Effect of Transducer Orientation on Errors in Ultrasound Image-Based Measurements of Human Medial Gastrocnemius Muscle Fascicle Length and Pennation', PLoS ONE, vol. 11, http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0157273
    Journal articles | 2016
    Bolsterlee B; Gandevia SC; Herbert RD, 2016, 'Ultrasound imaging of the human medial gastrocnemius muscle: How to orient the transducer so that muscle fascicles lie in the image plane', Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 49, pp. 1002 - 1008, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2016.02.014
    Journal articles | 2016
    Hillen RJ; Bolsterlee B; Veeger DHEJ, 2016, 'The biomechanical effect of clavicular shortening on shoulder muscle function, a simulation study', Clinical Biomechanics, vol. 37, pp. 141 - 146, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2016.07.005
    Journal articles | 2015
    Bolsterlee B; Veeger HEJ; Van Der Helm FCT; Gandevia SC; Herbert RD, 2015, 'Comparison of measurements of medial gastrocnemius architectural parameters from ultrasound and diffusion tensor images', Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 48, pp. 1133 - 1140, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.01.012
    Journal articles | 2015
    Bolsterlee B; Vardy AN; van der Helm FCT; (DirkJan) Veeger HEJ, 2015, 'The effect of scaling physiological cross-sectional area on musculoskeletal model predictions', Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 48, pp. 1760 - 1768, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.05.005
    Journal articles | 2014
    Campoli G; Bolsterlee B; Van Der Helm F; Weinans H; Zadpoor AA, 2014, 'Effects of densitometry, material mapping and load estimation uncertainties on the accuracy of patient-specific finite-element models of the scapula', Journal of the Royal Society Interface, vol. 11, http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2013.1146
    Journal articles | 2014
    Bolsterlee B; Veeger HEJ; van der Helm FCT, 2014, 'Modelling clavicular and scapular kinematics: From measurement to simulation', Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, vol. 52, pp. 283 - 291, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11517-013-1065-2
    Journal articles | 2014
    Bolsterlee B; Zadpoor AA, 2014, 'Transformation methods for estimation of subject-specific scapular muscle attachment sites', Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, vol. 17, pp. 1492 - 1501, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10255842.2012.753067
    Journal articles | 2013
    Bolsterlee B; Veeger DHEJ; Chadwick EK, 2013, 'Clinical applications of musculoskeletal modelling for the shoulder and upper limb', Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, vol. 51, pp. 953 - 963, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11517-013-1099-5
    Journal articles | 2012
    Nikooyan AA; Veeger HEJ; Westerhoff P; Bolsterlee B; Graichen F; Bergmann G; van der Helm FCT, 2012, 'An EMG-driven musculoskeletal model of the shoulder', Human Movement Science, vol. 31, pp. 429 - 447, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2011.08.006
  • Conference Papers | 2021
    Hudson A; Luu B; McDonald R; Bolsterlee B; Heroux M; Butler J, 2021, 'RESPIRATORY RIB MOVEMENTS IN SUPINE HUMANS IN HEALTH AND DISEASE', in RESPIROLOGY, WILEY, pp. 190 - 190, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000644657800361&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a29b250adbe88d1


  • Endeavour Research Leadership Award 2019 to visit Simon Fraser University, Canada
  • Australian New Zealand Society of Biomechanics Publication of the Year Award 2017
  • Australian New Zealand Society of Biomechanics Travel Award 2018 for Early Career Researchers to attend the 8th World Congress of Biomechanics in Dublin, Ireland
  • Paxinos Prize 2016 for best publication by a NeuRA post-doctoral researcher
  • Australian New Zealand Society of Biomechanics Travel Award 2016 for Early Career Researchers to attend the 10th Australasian Biomechanics Conference in Melbourne, Australia
  • Australian New Zealand Society of Biomechanics Travel Award 2015 for Early Career Researchers to attend the International Society of Biomechanics Conference in Glasgow, Scotland
  • Best Student Presentation Award 2012 at 9th Conference of the International Shoulder Group, Aberystwyth, Wales



ARC Discovery Project 2020-2023
How do mechanics, neural drive and muscle architecture interact in muscles?

National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Project Grant 2019-2023
Muscle growth and muscle contracture in cerebral palsy

Project Grant Lincoln Foundation for Bone and Joint Research 2017
Project title: “A quantitative atlas of three-dimensional architecture of human forearm and hand muscles in vivo”