The Indo-Pacific climates are greatly influenced by the El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD). ENSO and IOD increase the likelihood of extreme weather events and climatic conditions such as droughts and floods. ENSO and IOD events can grow into a large amplitude through nonlinear air-sea interactions. How such events are simulated in climate models, particularly in the latest instalment of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP6), is not clear. This project aims to contribute toward this knowledge.
Supervisor: Dr Agus Santoso