Dr Agus   Santoso
Senior Research Associate

Dr Agus Santoso

Science
Climate Change Research Centre

Agus Santoso is a senior research associate at the Climate Change Research Centre, and a CSIRO adjunct science leader.  He was awarded a PhD in 2006 by the UNSW School of Mathematics and Statistics.  Dr Santoso's research aims to unravel the mechanisms that govern climate variability on seasonal to centennial time scales.  Research specialities include tropical climate variability and global thermohaline circulation.  Dr Santoso is also a project leader at the Centre for Southern Hemisphere Oceans Research (CSHOR) investigating the dynamics and future projections of the El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD).  Many drought and flood episodes in Australia have been attributed to ENSO and IOD.  Dr Santoso is an associate investigator at the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Climate Extremes.  He has served in the World Climate Research Programme CLIVAR Pacific Regional Panel, and is an editor for the Journal of Climate of the American Meteorological Society. 

Phone
61 2 9385 8952

Publications

  • Book Chapters | 2020
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Karamperidou C; Stuecker M; Timmermann A; Yun K-S; Lee S-S; Jin F-F; Santoso A; McPhaden M; Cai W, 2020, 'ENSO in a Changing Climate: Challenges, Paleo‐Perspectives, and Outlook', in McPhaden M; Cai W; Santoso A (ed.), El Niño Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate, American Geophysical Union, pp. 471 - 484, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781119548164.ch21
    Book Chapters | 2020
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Cai W; Santoso A; Wang G; Wu L; Collins M; Lengaigne M; Power S; Timmermann A, 2020, 'ENSO Response to Greenhouse Forcing', in McPhaden M; Santoso A; Cai W (ed.), El Niño Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate, American Geophysical Union, pp. 289 - 307, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781119548164.ch13
    Book Chapters | 2020
    Dr Agus Santoso
    McPhaden M; Santoso A; Cai W, 2020, 'Introduction to El Niño Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate', in McPhaden M; Santoso A; Cai W (ed.), El Niño Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate, American Geophysical Union, pp. 1 - 19, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781119548164.ch1
    Edited Books | 2020
    Dr Agus Santoso
    McPhaden M; Santoso A; Cai W, (eds.), 2020, El Niño Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate, American Geophysical Union, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781119548164
  • Journal articles | 2021
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Cai W; Yang K; Wu L; Huang G; Santoso A; Ng B; Wang G; Yamagata T, 2021, 'Opposite response of strong and moderate positive Indian Ocean Dipole to global warming', Nature Climate Change, vol. 11, pp. 27 - 32, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41558-020-00943-1
    Journal articles | 2021
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Kajtar JB; Santoso A; Collins M; Taschetto AS; England MH; Frankcombe LM, 2021, 'CMIP5 Intermodel Relationships in the Baseline Southern Ocean Climate System and With Future Projections', Earth's Future, vol. 9, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2020EF001873
    Journal articles | 2021
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Cai W; Ng B; Geng T; Wu L; Santoso A; McPhaden MJ, 2021, 'Addendum: Butterfly effect and a self-modulating El Niño response to global warming', Nature, vol. 591, pp. E14 - E15, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-021-03261-4
    Journal articles | 2021
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Wang G; Cai W; Santoso A, 2021, 'Simulated Thermocline Tilt Over the Tropical Indian Ocean and Its Influence on Future Sea Surface Temperature Variability', Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 48, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2020GL091902
    Journal articles | 2020
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Wang G; Cai W; Yang K; Santoso A; Yamagata T, 2020, 'A Unique Feature of the 2019 Extreme Positive Indian Ocean Dipole Event', Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 47, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2020GL088615
    Journal articles | 2020
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Cai W; McPhaden MJ; Grimm AM; Rodrigues RR; Taschetto AS; Garreaud RD; Dewitte B; Poveda G; Ham YG; Santoso A; Ng B; Anderson W; Wang G; Geng T; Jo HS; Marengo JA; Alves LM; Osman M; Li S; Wu L; Karamperidou C; Takahashi K; Vera C, 2020, 'Climate impacts of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation on South America', Nature Reviews Earth and Environment, vol. 1, pp. 215 - 231, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s43017-020-0040-3
    Journal articles | 2020
    Dr Agus Santoso
    McKenna S; Santoso A; Gupta AS; Taschetto AS; Cai W, 2020, 'Indian Ocean Dipole in CMIP5 and CMIP6: characteristics, biases, and links to ENSO', Scientific Reports, vol. 10, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-68268-9
    Journal articles | 2020
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Dhame S; Taschetto AS; Santoso A; Meissner KJ, 2020, 'Indian Ocean warming modulates global atmospheric circulation trends', Climate Dynamics, vol. 55, pp. 2053 - 2073, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-020-05369-1
    Journal articles | 2020
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Cai W; Ng B; Geng T; Wu L; Santoso A; McPhaden MJ, 2020, 'Butterfly effect and a self-modulating El Niño response to global warming', Nature, vol. 585, pp. 68 - 73, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2641-x
    Journal articles | 2020
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Wang G; Cai W; Santoso A, 2020, 'Stronger increase in the frequency of extreme convective than extreme warm El Niño events under greenhouse warming', Journal of Climate, vol. 33, pp. 675 - 690, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0376.1
    Journal articles | 2020
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Cai W; Ng B; Geng T; Wu L; Santoso A; McPhaden MJ, 2020, 'Publisher Correction: Butterfly effect and a self-modulating El Niño response to global warming (Nature, (2020), 585, 7823, (68-73), 10.1038/s41586-020-2641-x)', Nature, vol. 588, pp. E3, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2958-5
    Journal articles | 2019
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Holmes RM; McGregor S; Santoso A; England MH, 2019, 'Contribution of tropical instability waves to ENSO irregularity', Climate Dynamics, vol. 52, pp. 1837 - 1855, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-018-4217-0
    Journal articles | 2019
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Makarim S; Sprintall J; Liu Z; Yu W; Santoso A; Yan XH; Susanto RD, 2019, 'Previously unidentified Indonesian Throughflow pathways and freshening in the Indian Ocean during recent decades', Scientific Reports, vol. 9, pp. 7364, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-43841-z
    Journal articles | 2019
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Cai W; Wu L; Lengaigne M; Li T; McGregor S; Kug JS; Yu JY; Stuecker MF; Santoso A; Li X; Ham YG; Chikamoto Y; Ng B; McPhaden MJ; Du Y; Dommenget D; Jia F; Kajtar JB; Keenlyside N; Lin X; Luo JJ; Martín-Rey M; Ruprich-Robert Y; Wang G; Xie SP; Yang Y; Kang SM; Choi JY; Gan B; Kim GI; Kim CE; Kim S; Kim JH; Chang P, 2019, 'Pantropical climate interactions', Science, vol. 363, pp. eaav4236 - eaav4236, http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aav4236
    Journal articles | 2019
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Bordbar MH; England MH; Sen Gupta A; Santoso A; Taschetto AS; Martin T; Park W; Latif M, 2019, 'Uncertainty in near-term global surface warming linked to tropical Pacific climate variability', Nature Communications, vol. 10, pp. 1990, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-09761-2
    Journal articles | 2019
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Santoso A; Hendon H; Watkins A; Power S; Dommenget D; England MH; Frankcombe L; Holbrook NJ; Holmes R; Hope P; Lim EP; Luo JJ; McGregor S; Neske S; Nguyen H; Pepler A; Rashid H; Gupta AS; Taschetto AS; Wang G; Abellán E; Sullivan A; Huguenin MF; Gamble F; Delage F, 2019, 'Dynamics and predictability of El Niño-Southern oscillation: An Australian perspective on progress and challenges', Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 100, pp. 403 - 420, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0057.1
    Journal articles | 2019
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Timmermann A; An SI; Kug JS; Jin FF; Cai W; Capotondi A; Cobb KM; Lengaigne M; McPhaden MJ; Stuecker MF; Stein K; Wittenberg AT; Yun KS; Bayr T; Chen HC; Chikamoto Y; Dewitte B; Dommenget D; Grothe P; Guilyardi E; Ham YG; Hayashi M; Ineson S; Kang D; Kim S; Kim WM; Lee JY; Li T; Luo JJ; McGregor S; Planton Y; Power S; Rashid H; Ren HL; Santoso A; Takahashi K; Todd A; Wang G; Wang G; Xie R; Yang WH; Yeh SW; Yoon J; Zeller E; Zhang X, 2019, 'Author Correction: El Niño–Southern Oscillation complexity (Nature, (2018), 559, 7715, (535-545), 10.1038/s41586-018-0252-6)', Nature, vol. 567, pp. E3, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-0994-9
    Journal articles | 2018
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Herold N; Santoso A, 2018, 'Indian Ocean warming during peak El Niño cools surrounding land masses', Climate Dynamics, vol. 51, pp. 2097 - 2112, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-017-4001-6
    Journal articles | 2018
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Cai W; Wang G; Dewitte B; Wu L; Santoso A; Takahashi K; Yang Y; Carréric A; McPhaden MJ, 2018, 'Increased variability of eastern Pacific El Niño under greenhouse warming', Nature, vol. 564, pp. 201 - 206, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0776-9
    Journal articles | 2018
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Timmermann A; An SI; Kug JS; Jin FF; Cai W; Capotondi A; Cobb K; Lengaigne M; McPhaden MJ; Stuecker MF; Stein K; Wittenberg AT; Yun KS; Bayr T; Chen HC; Chikamoto Y; Dewitte B; Dommenget D; Grothe P; Guilyardi E; Ham YG; Hayashi M; Ineson S; Kang D; Kim S; Kim WM; Lee JY; Li T; Luo JJ; McGregor S; Planton Y; Power S; Rashid H; Ren HL; Santoso A; Takahashi K; Todd A; Wang G; Wang G; Xie R; Yang WH; Yeh SW; Yoon J; Zeller E; Zhang X, 2018, 'El Niño–Southern Oscillation complexity', Nature, vol. 559, pp. 535 - 545, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0252-6
    Journal articles | 2018
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Cai W; Wang G; Gan B; Wu L; Santoso A; Lin X; Chen Z; Jia F; Yamagata T, 2018, 'Stabilised frequency of extreme positive Indian Ocean Dipole under 1.5°C warming', Nature Communications, vol. 9, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-03789-6
    Journal articles | 2018
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Abellán E; McGregor S; England MH; Santoso A, 2018, 'Distinctive role of ocean advection anomalies in the development of the extreme 2015–16 El Niño', Climate Dynamics, vol. 51, pp. 2191 - 2208, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-017-4007-0
    Journal articles | 2018
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Kajtar JB; Santoso A; McGregor S; England MH; Baillie Z, 2018, 'Model under-representation of decadal Pacific trade wind trends and its link to tropical Atlantic bias', Climate Dynamics, vol. 50, pp. 1471 - 1484, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-017-3699-5
    Journal articles | 2017
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Santoso A; Mcphaden MJ; Cai W, 2017, 'The Defining Characteristics of ENSO Extremes and the Strong 2015/2016 El Niño', Reviews of Geophysics, vol. 55, pp. 1079 - 1129, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2017RG000560
    Journal articles | 2017
    Dr Agus Santoso
    England MH; Hutchinson DK; Santoso A; Sijp WP, 2017, 'Ice-atmosphere feedbacks dominate the response of the climate system to drake passage closure', Journal of Climate, vol. 30, pp. 5775 - 5790, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0554.1
    Journal articles | 2017
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Chung CTY; Power SB; Santoso A; Wang G, 2017, 'Multiyear variability in the Tasman sea and impacts on Southern hemisphere climate in CMIP5 models', Journal of Climate, vol. 30, pp. 4413 - 4427, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0862.1
    Journal articles | 2017
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Wang G; Cai W; Santoso A, 2017, 'Assessing the impact of model biases on the projected increase in frequency of extreme positive Indian Ocean dipole events', Journal of Climate, vol. 30, pp. 2757 - 2767, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0509.1
    Journal articles | 2017
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Cai W; Wang G; Santoso A; Lin X; Wu L, 2017, 'Definition of Extreme El Niño and Its Impact on Projected Increase in Extreme El Niño Frequency', Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 44, pp. 11 - 190, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2017GL075635
    Journal articles | 2017
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Wang G; Cai W; Gan B; Wu L; Santoso A; Lin X; Chen Z; McPhaden MJ, 2017, 'Continued increase of extreme El Ninõ frequency long after 1.5 C warming stabilization', Nature Climate Change, vol. 7, pp. 568 - 572, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/NCLIMATE3351
    Journal articles | 2017
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Kajtar JB; Santoso A; England MH; Cai W, 2017, 'Tropical climate variability: interactions across the Pacific, Indian, and Atlantic Oceans', Climate Dynamics, vol. 48, pp. 2173 - 2190, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-3199-z
    Journal articles | 2016
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Sen Gupta A; McGregor S; Van Sebille E; Ganachaud A; Brown JN; Santoso A, 2016, 'Future changes to the Indonesian Throughflow and Pacific circulation: The differing role of wind and deep circulation changes', Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 43, pp. 1669 - 1678, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016GL067757
    Journal articles | 2015
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Boucharel J; Timmermann A; Santoso A; England MH; Jin FF; Balmaseda MA, 2015, 'A surface layer variance heat budget for ENSO', Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 42, pp. 3529 - 3537, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015GL063843
    Journal articles | 2015
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Santoso A; Cai W; Collins M; McPhaden M; Jin F-F; Guilyardi E; Vecchi G; Dommenget D; Wang G, 2015, 'ENSO Extremes and Diversity: Dynamics, Teleconnections, and Impacts', Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 96, pp. 150904101253006 - 150904101253006, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00141.1
    Journal articles | 2015
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Cai W; Wang G; Santoso A; Mcphaden MJ; Wu L; Jin FF; Timmermann A; Collins M; Vecchi G; Lengaigne M; England MH; Dommenget D; Takahashi K; Guilyardi E, 2015, 'Increased frequency of extreme La Niña events under greenhouse warming', Nature Climate Change, vol. 5, pp. 132 - 137, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2492
    Journal articles | 2015
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Aiken CM; Santoso A; McGregor S; England MH, 2015, 'Optimal forcing of ENSO either side of the 1970’s climate shift and its implications for predictability', Climate Dynamics, vol. 45, pp. 47 - 65, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-014-2300-8
    Journal articles | 2015
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Ng B; Cai W; Walsh K; Santoso A, 2015, 'Nonlinear processes reinforce extreme Indian Ocean Dipole events', Scientific Reports, vol. 5, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep11697
    Journal articles | 2015
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Kajtar JB; Santoso A; England MH; Cai W, 2015, 'Indo-pacific climate interactions in the absence of an Indonesian throughflow', Journal of Climate, vol. 28, pp. 5017 - 5029, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00114.1
    Journal articles | 2015
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Cai W; Santoso A; Wang G; Yeh SW; An SI; Cobb KM; Collins M; Guilyardi E; Jin FF; Kug JS; Lengaigne M; Mcphaden MJ; Takahashi K; Timmermann A; Vecchi G; Watanabe M; Wu L, 2015, 'ENSO and greenhouse warming', Nature Climate Change, vol. 5, pp. 849 - 859, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2743
    Journal articles | 2014
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Borlace S; Santoso A; Cai W; Collins M, 2014, 'Extreme swings of the South Pacific Convergence Zone and the different types of El Niño events', Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 41, pp. 4695 - 4703, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014GL060551
    Journal articles | 2014
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Taschetto AS; Gupta AS; Jourdain NC; Santoso A; Ummenhofer CC; England MH, 2014, 'Cold tongue and warm pool ENSO Events in CMIP5: Mean state and future projections', Journal of Climate, vol. 27, pp. 2861 - 2885, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00437.1
    Journal articles | 2014
    Dr Agus Santoso
    McGregor S; Spence P; Schwarzkopf FU; England MH; Santoso A; Kessler WS; Timmermann A; Böning CW, 2014, 'ENSO-driven interhemispheric Pacific mass transports', Journal of Geophysical Research C: Oceans, vol. 119, pp. 6221 - 6237, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010286
    Journal articles | 2014
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Van Sebille E; Sprintall J; Schwarzkopf FU; Sen Gupta A; Santoso A; England MH; Biastoch A; Böning CW, 2014, 'Pacific-to-Indian Ocean connectivity: Tasman leakage, Indonesian Throughflow, and the role of ENSO', Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, vol. 119, pp. 1365 - 1382, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2013JC009525
    Journal articles | 2014
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Cai W; Borlace S; Lengaigne M; Van Rensch P; Collins M; Vecchi G; Timmermann A; Santoso A; Mcphaden MJ; Wu L; England MH; Wang G; Guilyardi E; Jin FF, 2014, 'Increasing frequency of extreme El Niño events due to greenhouse warming', Nature Climate Change, vol. 4, pp. 111 - 116, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2100
    Journal articles | 2014
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Kim ST; Cai W; Jin FF; Santoso A; Wu L; Guilyardi E; An SI, 2014, 'Response of El Niño sea surface temperature variability to greenhouse warming', Nature Climate Change, vol. 4, pp. 786 - 790, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2326
    Journal articles | 2014
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Cai W; Santoso A; et al. , 2014, 'Increased frequency of extreme Indian Ocean Dipole events due to greenhouse warming.', Nature, vol. 510, pp. 254 - 258, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature13327
    Journal articles | 2014
    Dr Agus Santoso
    England MH; Mcgregor S; Spence P; Meehl GA; Timmermann A; Cai W; Gupta AS; Mcphaden MJ; Purich A; Santoso A, 2014, 'Recent intensification of wind-driven circulation in the Pacific and the ongoing warming hiatus', Nature Climate Change, vol. 4, pp. 222 - 227, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2106
    Journal articles | 2014
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Santoso A; McGregor S, 2014, 'Are we heading for a worrying Super El Niño?', The Conversation
    Journal articles | 2013
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Aiken CM; Santoso A; McGregor S; England MH, 2013, 'The 1970's shift in ENSO dynamics: A linear inverse model perspective', Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 40, pp. 1612 - 1617, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/grl.50264
    Journal articles | 2013
    Dr Agus Santoso
    McGregor S; Ramesh N; Spence P; England MH; Mcphaden M; Santoso A, 2013, 'Meridional movement of wind anomalies during ENSO events and their role in event termination', Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 40, pp. 1 - 6, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/grl.50136
    Journal articles | 2013
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Santoso A; McGregor S; Jin FF; Cai W; England MH; An SI; McPhaden MJ; Guilyardi E, 2013, 'Late-twentieth-century emergence of the El Niño propagation asymmetry and future projections', Nature, vol. 504, pp. 126 - 130, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature12683
    Journal articles | 2013
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Borlace S; Cai W; Santoso A, 2013, 'Multidecadal ENSO amplitude variability in a 1000-yr simulation of a coupled global climate model: Implications for observed ENSO variability', Journal of Climate, vol. 26, pp. 9399 - 9407, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00281.1
    Journal articles | 2013
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Hutchinson D; England MH; Santoso A; Hogg A, 2013, 'Interhemispheric asymmetry in transient global warming: The role of the Drake Passage', Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 40, pp. 1587 - 1593, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/grl.50341
    Journal articles | 2012
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Pui ; Sharma A; Santoso A; Westra SP, 2012, 'Impact of the El Nino Southern Oscillation, Indian Ocean Dipole, and Southern Annular Mode on daily to sub-daily rainfall characteristics in East Australia.', Monthly Weather Review, vol. 140, pp. 1665 - 1682, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-11-00238.1
    Journal articles | 2012
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Santoso A; England MH; Cai W, 2012, 'Impact of Indo-Pacific feedback interactions on ENSO dynamics diagnosed using ensemble climate simulations', Journal of Climate, vol. 25, pp. 7743 - 7763, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00287.1
    Journal articles | 2011
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Santoso A; Cai W; England MH; Phipps SJ, 2011, 'The role of the Indonesian throughflow on ENSO dynamics in a coupled climate model', Journal of Climate, vol. 24, pp. 585 - 601, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2010JCLI3745.1
    Journal articles | 2010
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Santoso A; Sen Gupta AR; England MH, 2010, 'Genesis of Indian Ocean mixed layer temperature anomalies: a heat budget analysis', Journal of Climate, vol. 23, pp. 5375 - 5403, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2010JCLI3072.1
    Journal articles | 2009
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Sen Gupta AR; Santoso A; Taschetto AS; Ummenhofer CC; Trevena J; England MH, 2009, 'Projected changes to the southern hemisphere ocean and sea ice in the IPCC AR4 climate models', Journal of Climate, vol. 22, pp. 3047 - 3078, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2008JCLI2827.1
    Journal articles | 2009
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Hill KJ; Santoso A; England MH, 2009, 'Interannual Tasmanian rainfall variability associated with large-scale climate modes', Journal of Climate, vol. 22, pp. 4383 - 4397, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2009JCLI2769.1
    Journal articles | 2008
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Santoso A; England MH, 2008, 'Antarctic Bottom Water variability in a coupled climate model', Journal of Climate, vol. 38, pp. 1870 - 1893, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2008JPO3741.1
    Journal articles | 2006
    Dr Agus Santoso
    England MH; Ummenhofer CC; Santoso A, 2006, 'Interannual rainfall extremes over southwest Western Australia linked to Indian Ocean climate variability', Journal of Climate, vol. 19, pp. 1948 - 1969, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI3700.1
    Journal articles | 2006
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Santoso A; England MH; Hirst AC, 2006, 'Circumpolar deep water circulation and variability in a coupled climate model', Journal of Physical Oceanography, vol. 36, pp. 1523 - 1552, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO2930.1
    Journal articles | 2006
    Dr Agus Santoso
    England MH; Ummenhofer CC; Santoso A, 2006, 'Indian Ocean variability linked to interannual rainfall extremes over southwest Western Australia', CLIVAR Exchanges, vol. 11, pp. 28
    Journal articles | 2004
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Santoso A; England MH, 2004, 'Antarctic intermediate water circulation and variability in a coupledclimate model', Journal of Physical Oceanography, vol. 34, pp. 2160 - 2179, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(2004)034<2160:AIWCAV>2.0.CO;2
    Journal articles |
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Kajtar JB; Santoso A; Collins M; Taschetto AS; England MH; Frankcombe LM, 'Intermodel CMIP5 relationships in the baseline Southern Ocean climate system and with future projections', , http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/essoar.10504633.1
  • Other | 2020
    Dr Agus Santoso
    National Center for Atmospheric Research Staff (ed.), 2020, ASYMMETRY AND DIVERSITY IN THE PATTERN, AMPLITUDE AND DURATION OF EL NIÑO AND LA NIÑA, https://climatedataguide.ucar.edu/climate-data/asymmetry-and-diversity-pattern-amplitude-and-duration-el-ni%C3%B1o-and-la-ni%C3%B1a?qt-climatedatasetmaintabs=1#qt-climatedatasetmaintabs
    Other | 2019
    Dr Agus Santoso
    McPhaden MJ; Santoso A; Cai W, 2019, Understanding ENSO in a Changing Climate, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2019EO124159
    Other | 2015
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Cai W; Santoso A; Wang G, 2015, 2015-16 is Shaping up to deliver a rollercoaster from strong El Nino to La Nina, https://theconversation.com/2015-16-is-shaping-up-to-deliver-a-rollercoaster-from-strong-el-nino-to-la-nina-46135
    Other | 2015
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Santoso A; Taschetto A; England MH; McGregor S, 2015, The rise and rise of the 2015 El Niño, https://theconversation.com/the-rise-and-rise-of-the-2015-el-nino-41616
    Other | 2014
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Santoso A; Cai W, 2014, Drought in store as El Niño’s western cousin to grow stronger, https://theconversation.com/drought-in-store-as-el-ni-os-western-cousin-to-grow-stronger-27826
    Other | 2014
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Santoso A, 2014, Don’t dismiss a 2014 ‘super’ El Niño just yet, The Conversation, https://theconversation.com/dont-dismiss-a-2014-super-el-ni-o-just-yet-30720
    Other | 2014
    Dr Agus Santoso
    Santoso A; McGregor S, 2014, Are we heading for a worrying Super El Niño?, https://theconversation.com/are-we-heading-for-a-worrying-super-el-ni-o-26090

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