Simit Raval

Program Director - Undergraduate Mining Engineering Degree
Senior Lecturer

Program Director - Undergraduate Mining Engineering Degree

Co-Director, Laboratory for Imaging of the Mining Environment (LIME)

 

Research interest

 

I assess the environmental impact of mining using remote sensing tools.

I use ground based, airborne and satellite based remote sensors to visualise, identify and monitor the environmental footprints of mining activities.

I analyse spectral characteristics of vegetation, water and soil to identify possible contaminations from the surrounding mining activities.

 

Interest in engineering

Why did you get into engineering?

I always enjoyed empirical science

What are your research goals?

My goal is to develop modelling tools based on remote sensing and GIS to identify and predict impacts of mining activities.

What do people not understand about you do?

A wealth of diagnostic information that could be generated through energy interactions of light is hard to imagine by a person who is not involved in the optical remote sensing.  

Advice for prospective mining engineers

Minimising environmental footprint and the consent from community are the two most important licences for a mine site to operate.  

Lectures/Courses taught

Socio Environmental Aspects of Mining

Environmental Management for the Mining Industry (Distance based Postgraduate course)

Mining in a Global Environment 

Underground Mining Systems 

Surface Mining Systems  

Students

Student Projects:

  • Development of Sustainability index for Hunter Valley coal mines
  • Incorporating remote sensing as a tool to assist rehabilitation monitoring in a dolomite mining operation in South Australia
  • Investigation into the factors affecting digital image analysis of mine wall monitoring
  • Investigating multiple utilities of a single satellite acquisition for mining
  • Spectral analysis of water for selected total suspended solids
  • Understanding the impacts of coal mining on groundwater and surrounding vegetation in the Hunter Valley region
  • Fugitive metal detection in soil around Yerranderie Silver Mine – A remote sensing approach   

Looking for students for projects related to:

  • Hyperspectral remote sensing for detecting metal intake in plants
  • Spectroscopy for saline soils
  • Spectral characteristics of mine water
  • GIS in mining  

Professional Organisations positions

  • Member of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (AusIMM)
  • Member of the international Society of Mining Professors (SOMP)
  • Co-Chair for the joint ACT & NSW Chapters of Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society (GRSS) of IEEE

Awards

  • Recipient of internationally competitive, merit-based Endeavour Postgraduate Award funded by the Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations –Australia (2008).
  • Recipient of the inaugural Australian Centre for Sustainable Mining Practices (ACSMP) scholarship (2010).

Grants

Secured research funding of over $88,000 in 2012-2013 for following projects:

  • Investigating capabilities of an advanced Interferometry in detecting horizontal displacement at the Metropolitan Mine (2012)
  • Investigating the capabilities of hyperspectral remote sensing in detecting fugitive metals around the Yerranderie Silver Mine in the Blue Mountains National Park (2013)
  • Development of satellite imagery based most suitable vegetation index to monitor mine site rehabilitation (2013)
  • Assessing the effectiveness of biodiversity offsetting efforts to balance conservation and mining industry impacts (2013)

Education

PhD/postgraduate

PhD (Mining Engineering) from UNSW for the thesis titled ‘Investigation of mine environmental monitoring with satellite based sensors’.

The PhD study was focused on evaluating satellite-based images for their potential applications in the surveillance of mining environments, including the condition of leachates, vegetation, air, water and land usage. This study points to the potential significance, and applications, of satellite based optical remote sensing technology at mine sites, both - underground and open cut as well as metal and coal.

Undergraduate

Bachelor of Mining Engineering, completed with honours from India in 1994.

publications

Journal articles
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Banerjee BP; Raval S, 2021, 'A particle swarm optimization based approach to pre-tune programmable hyperspectral sensors', Remote Sensing, vol. 13, pp. 3295 - 3295, http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/rs13163295
2021
Singh SK; Banerjee BP; Raval S, 2021, 'Three-dimensional unique-identifier-based automated georeferencing and coregistration of point clouds in underground mines', Remote Sensing, vol. 13, pp. 3145 - 3145, http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/rs13163145
2021
Dallas JA; Raval S; Saydam S; Dempster AG, 2021, 'An Environmental Impact Assessment Framework for Space Resource Extraction', Space Policy, vol. 57, pp. 101441 - 101441, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.spacepol.2021.101441
2021
Dallas JA; Raval S; Saydam S; Dempster AG, 2021, 'Investigating extraterrestrial bodies as a source of critical minerals for renewable energy technology', Acta Astronautica, vol. 186, pp. 74 - 86, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actaastro.2021.05.021
2021
Singh SK; Raval S; Banerjee BP, 2021, 'Automated structural discontinuity mapping in a rock face occluded by vegetation using mobile laser scanning', Engineering Geology, vol. 285, pp. 106040 - 106040, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2021.106040
2021
Singh SK; Raval S; Banerjee B, 2021, 'A robust approach to identify roof bolts in 3D point cloud data captured from a mobile laser scanner', International Journal of Mining Science and Technology, vol. 31, pp. 303 - 312, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmst.2021.01.001
2021
Singh SK; Raval S; Banerjee B, 2021, 'Roof bolt identification in underground coal mines from 3D point cloud data using local point descriptors and artificial neural network', International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol. 42, pp. 367 - 377, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/2150704X.2020.1809734
2021
Rai SS; Murthy VMSR; Sukesh N; Sairam Teja A; Raval S, 2021, 'Operational efficiency of equipment system drives environmental and economic performance of surface coal mining—A sustainable development approach', Sustainable Development, vol. 29, pp. 25 - 44, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/sd.2129
2021
Mi J; Yang Y; Hou H; Zhang S; Raval S; Chen Z; Hua Y, 2021, 'The long-term effects of underground mining on the growth of tree, shrub, and herb communities in arid and semiarid areas in China', Land Degradation and Development, vol. 32, pp. 1412 - 1425, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ldr.3751
2021
Banerjee BP; Raval S; Cullen PJ, 2020, 'UAV-hyperspectral imaging of spectrally complex environments', International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol. 41, pp. 4136 - 4159, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01431161.2020.1714771
2020
Banerjee BP; Raval S; Maslin TJ; Timms W, 2020, 'Development of a UAV-mounted system for remotely collecting mine water samples', International Journal of Mining, Reclamation and Environment, vol. 34, pp. 385 - 396, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17480930.2018.1549526
2020
Gorai AK; Raval S; Patel AK; Chatterjee S; Gautam T, 2020, 'Design and development of a machine vision system using artificial neural network-based algorithm for automated coal characterization', International Journal of Coal Science and Technology, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40789-020-00370-9
2020
Gorai AK; Raval S; Patra AK, 2020, 'Path analysis approach to quantify the causal factors of ground-level ozone concentration near coal-mining regions', International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 17, pp. 645 - 660, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13762-019-02278-7
2020
Mi J; Hou H; Raval S; Yang Y; Zhang S; Hua Y; Wang C; Chen F, 2020, 'Effect of crop cultivation on the soil carbon stock in mine dumps of the Loess Plateau, China', Science of the Total Environment, vol. 741, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139809
2020
Dallas JA; Raval S; Gaitan JPA; Saydam S; Dempster AG, 2020, 'Mining beyond earth for sustainable development: Will humanity benefit from resource extraction in outer space?', Acta Astronautica, vol. 167, pp. 181 - 188, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actaastro.2019.11.006
2020
Dallas JA; Raval S; Alvarez Gaitan JP; Saydam S; Dempster AG, 2020, 'The environmental impact of emissions from space launches: A comprehensive review', Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 255, pp. 120209 - 120209, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.120209
2020
Tabelin CB; Corpuz RD; Igarashi T; Villacorte-Tabelin M; Alorro RD; Yoo K; Raval S; Ito M; Hiroyoshi N, 2020, 'Acid mine drainage formation and arsenic mobility under strongly acidic conditions: Importance of soluble phases, iron oxyhydroxides/oxides and nature of oxidation layer on pyrite', Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 399, pp. 122844 - 122844, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.122844
2020
Biswal SS; Raval S; Gorai AK, 2019, 'Delineation and mapping of coal mine fire using remote sensing data–a review', International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol. 40, pp. 6499 - 6529, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01431161.2018.1547455
2019
banerjee B; Raval S; cullen , 2018, 'Alignment of UAV-hyperspectral bands using keypoint descriptors in a spectrally complex environment', Remote Sensing Letters, vol. 9, pp. 524 - 533, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/2150704X.2018.1446564
2018
Gonzalez FR; Raval S; Taplin ROS; Timms WENDY; Hitch MICHAEL, 2018, 'Evaluation of Impact of Potential Extreme Rainfall Events on Mining in Peru', Natural Resources Research, vol. 28, pp. 393 - 408, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11053-018-9396-1
2018
Shamsoddini A; Raval S, 2018, 'Mapping red edge-based vegetation health indicators using Landsat TM data for Australian native vegetation cover', Earth Science Informatics, vol. 11, pp. 545 - 552, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12145-018-0347-5
2018
Banerjee BP; Raval S; Cullen PJ, 2017, 'High-resolution mapping of upland swamp vegetation using a unmanned aerial vehicle-hyperspectral system', Journal of Spectral Imaging, vol. 6, http://dx.doi.org/10.1255/jsi.2017.a6
2017
Banerjee BP; Raval S; Zhai H; Cullen PJ, 2017, 'Health condition assessment for vegetation exposed to heavy metal pollution through airborne hyperspectral data', Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol. 189, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-017-6333-4
2017
Banerjee BP; Raval S; Timms W, 2016, 'Erratum to: Evaluation of rainfall and wetland water area variability at Thirlmere Lakes using Landsat time-series data (Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol, (2016), 13, (1781-1792), 10.1007/s13762-016-1018-z)', International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 13, pp. 2535 - 2538, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13762-016-1068-2
2016
Banerjee BP; Raval S; Timms W, 2016, 'Evaluation of rainfall and wetland water area variability at Thirlmere Lakes using Landsat time-series data', International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 13, pp. 1 - 12, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13762-016-1018-z
2016
Williams M; Taplin R; Virah-Sawmy M; Corss R; Raval SA, 2015, 'Assessment of mining biodiversity offsets and the potential for agricultural involvement in the upper Hunter Valey', Journal of Research Project Review, vol. 4, pp. 83 - 90, http://www.mea.edu.au/
2015
Poon A; Raval S; Banerjee BP; Shamsoddini A, 2015, 'Detection of changes in the wetland conditions adjacent to a longwall mining area in the southern coalfields, New South Wales using radar satellite data', Journal of Research Project Review, vol. 4, pp. 35 - 41, http://www.mea.edu.au/asset/55712f559a67a/mea-journal-of-research-projects-review-2015.pdf
2015
Raval S; Shamsoddini A, 2014, 'A monitoring framework for land use around kaolin mining areas through Landsat TM images', Earth Science Informatics, vol. 7, pp. 153 - 163, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12145-014-0169-z
2014
Raval S; Sarver E; Shamsoddini A; Zipper C; Donovan P; Evans D; Chu HT, 2014, 'Satellite remote sensing-based estimates of biomass production on reclaimed coal mines', Mining Engineering, vol. 66, pp. 76 - 82, http://search.proquest.com/docview/1554528878/abstract/2C86B33594A9477EPQ/26?accountid=12763
2014
Raval S; Merton RN; Laurence D, 2013, 'Satellite based mine rehabilitation monitoring using WorldView-2 imagery', TRANSACTIONS OF THE INSTITUTIONS OF MINING AND METALLURGY SECTION A-MINING TECHNOLOGY, vol. 122, pp. 200 - 207, http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/1743286313Y.0000000039
2013
Raval S; Merton RN; Laurence D, 2013, 'Satellite based mine rehabilitation monitoring using WorldView-2 imagery', Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy, Section A: Mining Technology, vol. 122, pp. 200 - 207, http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/1743286313Y.0000000039
2013
Banerjee B; Raval S, 'A Particle Swarm Optimization based Approach to Pre-tune Programmable Hyperspectral Sensors', , http://dx.doi.org/10.36227/techrxiv.14058233.v1
Banerjee B; Raval S, 'A Particle Swarm Optimization based Approach to Pre-tune Programmable Hyperspectral Sensors', , http://dx.doi.org/10.36227/techrxiv.14058233
Conference Papers
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Raval S; Banerjee BP; Kumar Singh S; Canbulat I, 2019, 'A Preliminary Investigation of Mobile Mapping Technology for Underground Mining', in International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), pp. 6071 - 6074, http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2019.8898518
2019
Banerjee BP; Raval S; Cullen PJ; Kumar Singh S, 2019, 'Mapping of Complex Vegetation Communities and Species Using UAV-LIDAR Metrics and High-Resolution Optical Data', in International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), pp. 6110 - 6113, http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2019.8899160
2019
Raval S; Banerjee B; Shen X; Masoumi H; Tannant D, 2018, 'Evaluation of a UAV-LiDAR system for mapping geological structures in an open pit highwall', in the 4th Australasian Ground Control in Mining Conference, Sydney, presented at AusRock 2018, Sydney, 28 November 2018 - 30 November 2018
2018
Raval S; Banerjee B, 2017, 'Remote sensing to advance sustainable mining practices', in ACRS Proceedings, New Delhi, India, presented at 38th Asian Conference on Remote Sensing (ACRS 2017), New Delhi, India, 23 October 2017 - 27 October 2017, http://a-a-r-s.org/acrs/index.php/acrs/acrs-overview/proceedings-1?view=publication&task=show&id=3025
2017
Kumar C; Shetty A; Raval S; Sharma R; Champatiray PK, 2015, 'Lithological Discrimination and Mapping using ASTER SWIR Data in the Udaipur area of Rajasthan, India', in Vardhan H; Raj MG; Aruna M (eds.), Procedia of Earth & Planetary Science, Elsevier, Karnataka, India, pp. 180 - 188, presented at Global Challenges, Policy Framework & Sustainable Development for Mining of Mineral and Fossil Energy Resources (GCPF2015), Karnataka, India, 17 April 2015 - 18 April 2015, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeps.2015.06.022
2015
Banerjee BP; Raval SA; Cullen PJ, 2015, 'Unmanned Aerial Vehicles for Mine Environment Monitoring', in Proceedings 3rd International Future Mining Conference, The AusIMM, Sydney, Australia, pp. 137 - 143, presented at 3rd International Future Mining Conference, Sydney, Australia, 04 November 2015 - 06 November 2015
2015
Blommerde M; Taplin R; Raval SA, 2015, 'Assessment of rehabilitation completion criteria for mine closure evaluation', in Proceedings 7th International Conference on Sustainable Development Indicators in the Minerals Industry, Sustainable Development Indicators in the Minerals Industry (SDIMI) 2015, Vancouver, Canada, presented at Sustainable Development Indicators in the Minerals Industry (SDIMI) 2015, Vancouver, Canada, 13 July 2015 - 15 July 2015
2015
Kumar C; Shetty A; Raval S; Champatiray PK; Sharma R, 2014, 'Sub-Pixel Mineral Mapping using EO-1 Hyperion Hyperspectral data', in The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, Copernicus Publications, Hyderabad, India, pp. 455 - 461, presented at ISPRS Technical Commission VIII Symposium, Hyderabad, India, 09 December 2014 - 12 December 2014, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/isprsarchives-XL-8-455-2014
2014
Shamsoddini A; Raval S; Taplin R, 2014, 'Spectroscopic analysis of soil metal contamination around a derelict mine site in the Blue Mountains, Australia', in Sunar F; Altan O; Taberner M (eds.), ISPRS Annals, Copernicus Publications, Istanbul, Turkey, pp. 75 - 79, presented at ISPRS Technical Commission VII Symposium, Istanbul, Turkey, 29 September 2014 - 02 October 2014, http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/isprsannals-II-7-75-2014
2014
kariyawasam N; Raval S; Shamsoddini A, 2014, 'Incorporating Remote Sensing as a Tool to Assist Rehabilitation Monitoring in a Dolomite Mining Operation in South Australia', in The XXV FIG International Congress 2014 Proceedings, International Federation of Surveyors (FIG), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp. 1 - 13, presented at XXV FIG INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 16 June 2014 - 21 June 2014, http://www.fig.net/pub/fig2014/papers/ts08b/TS08B_kariyawasam_raval_et_al_6966.pdf
2014
Saydam S; Timms W; Raval S; Daly C, 2013, 'Using Moodle - An Open Source Learning Management System in Australian Mining Engineering Education', in Proceedings INDICON 2013: Impact of Engineering on Global Sustainability, IEEE - Impact on Engineering on Global Sustainability, India, presented at IEEE - Impact on Engineering on Global Sustainability, India, 13 December 2013 - 15 December 2013
2013
Morgan J; Raval S; McDonald B; Falorni G; Iannacone J, 2013, 'Application of advanced InSAR techniques to detect vertical and horizontal displacements', in Slope Stability 2013, Australian Centre for Geomechanics, Brisbane, presented at International Symposium on Slope Stability in Open Pit Mining and Civil Engineering, Brisbane, 25 September 2013 - 27 September 2013
2013
Raval S; Jia X; Merton ; Laurence DC, 2012, 'Characterising surface mineralogy of an open pit mining area using Hyperion imagery', in Proceedings of IEEE 4th Workshop on Hyperspectral Image and Signal Processing: Evolution in Remote Sensing Conference, IEEE, Shanghai, presented at 4th Workshop on Hyperspectral Image and Signal Processing: Evolution in Remote Sensing, Shanghai, 04 June 2012 - 07 June 2012, http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/WHISPERS.2012.6874296
2012
Raval S; Merton ; Laurence DC, 2012, 'Mine tailings water mapping using Chris Proba imagery', in Proceedings of the 4th Workshop on Hyperspectral Image and Signal Processing : Evolution in Remote Sensing, IEEE, Shanghai, presented at 4th Workshop on Hyperspectral Image and Signal Processing: Evolution in Remote Sensing, Shanghai, 04 June 2012 - 07 June 2012, http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/WHISPERS.2012.6874298
2012
Raval S; Laurence DC, 2012, 'Mine Rehabilitation Monitoring Using a High-Resolution Satellite Image', in Mine Rehabilitation Monitoring Using a High-Resolution Satellite Image, 13th International Symposium on Environmental Issues and Waste Management in Energy and Mineral Production, New Delhi, pp. 293 - 304, presented at 13th International Symposium on Environmental Issues and Waste Management in Energy and Mineral Production, New Delhi, 28 November 2012 - 30 November 2012
2012
Raval S; Merton ; Laurence DC, 2011, 'Mine environmental monitoring using CHRIS Proba imagery of the Dexing Copper Mine, China', in 34th International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment, ISPRS, Sydney, presented at 34th International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment, Sydney, Australia, 10 April 2011 - 15 April 2011
2011
Raval S; Laurence DC; Ge L, 2009, 'Evaluation of Remote Sensing Technology as a Tool for Mining Applications', in SDIMI 2009 - Sustainable Development Indicators in the Minerals Industry, AusIMM, Melbourne, presented at SDIMI 2009 - Sustainable Development Indicators in the Minerals Industry, Gold Coast Queensland, 06 July 2009 - 08 July 2009
2009
Raval S; Ge L; Laurence DC; Saydam S, 2009, 'Applicability of Remote Sensing in Mining', in Applicability of Remote Sensing in Mining, International Conference of Advanced Technology in Exploration and Exploitation of Minerals, India, presented at International Conference of Advanced Technology in Exploration and Exploitation of Minerals, India, 14 February 2009 - 16 February 2009
2009
Raval S, 2009, 'Evaluation of remote sensing technology as a tool for mining applications', in Evaluation of remote sensing technology as a tool for mining applications, 4th International Conference on Sustainable Development Indicators in the Minerals Industry, Gold Coast, Australia, pp. 411 - 416, presented at 4th International Conference on Sustainable Development Indicators in the Minerals Industry, Gold Coast, Australia, 06 July 2009 - 08 July 2009
2009
Reports
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Raval S; Banerjee B, 2018, Evaluation of underground mobile laser scanning at Moranbah North Coal Mine
2018
Conference Presentations
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Raval S, 2018, 'Drone based Hyperspectral and LiDAR Systems for Monitoring Mining Environment', presented at Mine Rehabilitation Conference, Newcastle, Australia, 12 April 2018 - 12 April 2018
2018
Raval S, 2015, 'Optical remote sensing for monitoring mine site rehabilitation', presented at The Best Practice Ecological Rehabilitation of Mined Lands 2015 Conference, Singleton, Australia, 26 March 2015 - 26 March 2015
2015
Saydam S; Daly C; Raval S; Timms W, 2013, 'Using Moodle As An Open Source Learning Management System in Mining Engineering Education', pp. 386 - 389, presented at The 24th Annual General Meeting of Society of Mining Professors, Milos, Greece, 26 June 2013 - 29 December 2013, http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MITE.2013.6756373
2013
Raval S, 'Advancing Sustainable Mining Practices through Remote Sensing'
Conference Abstracts
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Raval S, 2018, 'Smart sensing for mineral exploration through to mine closure', in Proceedings of the 29th SOMP Annual Meeting and Conference, Beijing, China, presented at SOMP Annual Meeting and Conference, Beijing, China, 02 July 2018 - 07 July 2018
2018
Conference Posters
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Raval S; Banerjee BP; Hao Z, 2015, 'Mapping vegetation stress around abandoned mines through airborne high resolution hyperspectral remote sensing data', Singleton, Australia, presented at The Best Practice Ecological Rehabilitation of Mined Lands 2015 Conference, Singleton, Australia, 26 March 2015 - 26 March 2015
2015
Theses / Dissertations
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Raval SA, 2011, Investigation of Mine Environmental Monitoring with Satellite Based Sensors
2011