Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
Visiting Fellow

Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes

B.A.(Hons).B.Sc.PhD(Criminology). 

medicine-health
National Drug&Alcohol Research

Research Interests:
Dr Hughes is a criminologist and Senior Research Fellow at the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, and Vice-President of the International Society for the Study of Drug Policy. She works as part of the Drug Policy Modelling Program (DPMP) which seeks to improve drug policy by identifying what works, translating research evidence and engaging directly with policy makers. Dr Hughes' prime focus is improving understanding of the effects of different legislative regimes and law enforcement approaches by outlining what laws and policies are deployed, how they operate in practice, assessing the criminal justice, health and social impacts of this investment, and identifying avenues for more effective responses. Projects of note include the deterrent effects of street-level drug law enforcement, the police use of drug detection dogs, the reach and cost-effectiveness of Australian drug diversion programs, the impacts of the Portuguese decriminalisation of illicit drug use and recent work for the Irish Government evaluating the social, health and criminal justice impacts of alternatives to arrest for simple drug possession in nine countries (Australia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Jamaica, the Netherlands, Portugal, UK and the USA). She also examines Australian trends in illicit drug markets, including the supply of MDMA, methamphetamine and pharmaceutical opioids, and methods for preventing and disrupting supply.

Her current research is looking at: a) festival safety - looking at patterns of drug use at festivals and impacts of policing on drug-related harms; b) comparing drug-related policing and perceptions of police legitimacy in Australia and 30 other countries; c) developing empirically based models for the decriminalisation, diversion and depenalisation of illicit drug possession d) the supply of pharmaceutical drugs for non-medical use in Australia and e) the relationship between price, purity and drug-related harms. 

Broad Research Areas: Crime policy, Drug law enforcement, Drug laws and regulations, Drug markets, Drug Related Harm

Qualifications: BA (Hons), BSc, PhD

Specific Research Keywords: Drug policy; Drug laws; Policing and criminal justice responses; Comparative policy analysis; Drug trafficking and organised crime; Public policy; Crime policy

Society Memberships & Professional Activities:

Vice-President - International Society for the Study of Drug Policy

Editorial board - International Journal of Drug Policy and Journal of Illicit Economies and Development.

Member - International Society for the Study of Drug Policy; Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology; European Society of Criminology; and UNSW Criminology and Criminal Justice Research Network.

Publications

  • Book Chapters | 2020
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Marks A; Hughes C, 2020, 'The changing tides of drug consumption, supply and drug policy in Oceania', in Research Handbook on International Drug Policy, Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 185 - 204, http://dx.doi.org/10.4337/9781788117067.00020
    Book Chapters | 2019
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C; Shanahan M, 2019, 'Drug courts in Australia', in Collins J; Soderholm A; Agnew-Pauley W (ed.), Rethinking drug courts: International experiences of a US policy export, London Publishing Partnership, London, pp. 21 - 49
    Book Chapters | 2017
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    McDonald D; Hughes CE, 2017, 'Chapter 11: Drug laws and regulations', in Ritter A; King T; Lee N (ed.), Drug Use in Australian Society, edn. 2nd, Oxford University Press, South Melbourne, pp. 223 - 246
    Book Chapters | 2017
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Chalmers DA; Bright ; Hughes CE; Jenny , 2017, 'Illuminating dark networks: a social network analysis of an Australian drug trafficking syndicate', in Transnational Organized Crime, Routledge, pp. 423 - 449, http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9781315084565-25
    Book Chapters | 2017
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Bright DA; Hughes CE; Chalmers J, 2017, 'Illuminating dark networks: A social network analysis of an Australian drug trafficking syndicate', in Transnational Organized Crime, pp. 423 - 448, http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9781315084565
    Book Chapters | 2017
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE, 2017, 'Portuguese drug policy', in Colson R; Bergeron H (ed.), European drug policies: The ways of reform, Routledge, Oxon, pp. 164 - 181, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000423663000013&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a
    Book Chapters | 2016
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Ritter A; Hughes CE; Hull P, 2016, 'Drug policy', in Kolind T; Thom B; Hunt G; Karch S; Thom B; White J (ed.), The SAGE handbook of drug & alcohol studies. Volume 1, Social science approaches, SAGE, Thousand Oaks, CA, pp. 135 - 163
    Book Chapters | 2015
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Stevens A, 2015, 'A Resounding Success or a Disastrous Failure: Re-examining the Interpretation of Evidence on the Portuguese Decriminalization of Illicit Drugs', in New Approaches to Drug Policies, Palgrave Macmillan UK, pp. 137 - 162, http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/9781137450999_9
    Book Chapters | 2015
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Stevens A, 2015, 'A resounding success or a disastrous failure: Re-examining the interpretation of evidence on the portuguese decriminalization of illicit drugs', in New Approaches to Drug Policies: A Time for Change, pp. 137 - 162, http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/9781137450999.0016
    Book Chapters | 2011
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C, 2011, 'Portugal', in Kleiman MAR; Hawdon JE (ed.), Encyclopedia of Drug Policy, edn. Original, SAGE Publications, Thousand Oaks, California, pp. 658 - 659, http://www.uk.sagepub.com/books/Book234211
  • Journal articles | 2021
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Peacock A; Gibbs D; Price O; Barratt MJ; Ezard N; Sutherland R; Hill PL; Grigg J; Lenton S; Page R; Salom C; Hughes C; Bruno R, 2021, 'Profile and correlates of colorimetric reagent kit use among people who use ecstasy/MDMA and other illegal stimulants in Australia.', Int J Drug Policy, vol. 97, pp. 103334, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2021.103334
    Journal articles | 2020
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Chalmers J; Bright DA, 2020, 'Exploring interrelationships between high-level drug trafficking and other serious and organised crime: an Australian study', Global Crime, vol. 21, pp. 28 - 50, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17440572.2019.1615895
    Journal articles | 2020
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    O'Reilly MJA; Hughes CE; Bright DA; Ritter A, 2020, 'Structural and functional changes in an Australian high-level drug trafficking network after exposure to supply changes', International Journal of Drug Policy, vol. 84, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2020.102797
    Journal articles | 2020
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C; Hulme S; Ritter A, 2020, 'The relationship between drug price and purity and population level harm', Trends and Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice
    Journal articles | 2020
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hulme S; Hughes CE; Nielsen S, 2020, 'The price and mark up of pharmaceutical drugs supplied on the black market', International Journal of Drug Policy, vol. 76, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2019.102626
    Journal articles | 2020
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Jauffret-Roustide M; Barratt M; de Dinechin S; Davies E; Gilchrist G; Hughes C; Maier L; Ferris J; Winstock A, 2020, 'Consommation d’alcool et d’autres produits psychoactifs pendant la pandémie de Covid-19 dans la Global Drug Survey : une perspective française', Psychotropes, vol. 26, pp. 209 - 209, http://dx.doi.org/10.3917/psyt.262.0209
    Journal articles | 2019
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hulme S; Hughes CE; Nielsen S, 2019, 'What factors contributed to the misconduct of health practitioners? An analysis of Australian cases involving the diversion and supply of pharmaceutical drugs for non-medical use between 2010 and 2016', Drug and Alcohol Review, vol. 38, pp. 366 - 376, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dar.12918
    Journal articles | 2019
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Stevens A; Hughes CE; Hulme S; Cassidy R, 2019, 'Depenalization, diversion and decriminalization: A realist review and programme theory of alternatives to criminalization for simple drug possession', European Journal of Criminology, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1477370819887514
    Journal articles | 2019
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hulme S; Hughes CE; Nielsen S, 2019, 'Drug sourcing and motivations among a sample of people involved in the supply of pharmaceutical drugs in Australia', International Journal of Drug Policy, vol. 66, pp. 38 - 47, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2019.01.022
    Journal articles | 2019
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Agnew-Pauley W; Hughes C, 2019, 'Trends and offending circumstances in the police use of drug detection dogs in New South Wales 2008–2018', Current Issues in Criminal Justice -Sydney-, vol. 31, pp. 4 - 23, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10345329.2018.1556280
    Journal articles | 2018
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Barratt MJ; Ferris JA; Maier LJ; Winstock AR, 2018, 'Drug-related police encounters across the globe: How do they compare?', International Journal of Drug Policy, vol. 56, pp. 197 - 207, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2018.03.005
    Journal articles | 2018
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    McSweeney T; Hughes C; Ritter A, 2018, 'The impact of compliance with a compulsory model of drug diversion on treatment engagement and reoffending', Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, vol. 25, pp. 56 - 66, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09687637.2016.1219695
    Journal articles | 2018
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Ritter A; Hughes CE; Lancaster K; Hoppe R, 2018, 'Using the Advocacy Coalition Framework and Multiple Streams policy theories to examine the role of evidence, research and other types of knowledge in drug policy', Addiction, vol. 113, pp. 1539 - 1547, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.14197
    Journal articles | 2018
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE, 2018, 'The trajectories of cannabis and tobacco policies in the United States, Uruguay, Canada and Portugal: is more cross-substance learning possible outside the United States?', Addiction, vol. 113, pp. 603 - 605, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/add.13954
    Journal articles | 2017
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Weedon-Newstead AS, 2017, 'Investigating displacement effects as a result of the Sydney, NSW alcohol lockout legislation', Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, vol. 25, pp. 1 - 11, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09687637.2017.1306023
    Journal articles | 2017
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Chalmers J; Klimoski M, 2017, 'Assessing concordance between trends in high-level drug trafficking and other serious and organised crimes in Australia, 2005–2006 to 2014–2015', Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, vol. 25, pp. 217 - 233, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09687637.2017.1358357
    Journal articles | 2017
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Moxham-Hall VL, 2017, 'The Going Out In Sydney app: Evaluating the utility of a smartphone app for monitoring real-world illicit drug use and police encounters amongst festival and club goers', Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment, vol. 11, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178221817711419
    Journal articles | 2017
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Bright DA; Chalmers J, 2017, 'Social network analysis of Australian poly-drug trafficking networks: How do drug traffickers manage multiple illicit drugs?', Social Networks, vol. 51, pp. 135 - 147, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socnet.2016.11.004
    Journal articles | 2017
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Lancaster K; Hughes C; Ritter A, 2017, '‘Drug dogs unleashed’: An historical and political account of drug detection dogs for street-level policing of illicit drugs in New South Wales, Australia', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, vol. 50, pp. 360 - 378, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0004865816642826
    Journal articles | 2017
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Moxham-Hall V; Ritter A; Weatherburn D; MacCoun R, 2017, 'The deterrent effects of Australian street-level drug law enforcement on illicit drug offending at outdoor music festivals', International Journal of Drug Policy, vol. 41, pp. 91 - 100, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2016.12.018
    Journal articles | 2017
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Ritter A; Lancaster K; Hoppe R, 2017, 'Understanding policy persistence – the case of police drug detection dog policy in NSW, Australia', International Journal of Drug Policy, vol. 44, pp. 58 - 68, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2017.03.007
    Journal articles | 2017
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Shanahan M; Hughes CE; McSweeney T; Griffin BA, 2017, 'Alternate policing strategies: Cost-effectiveness of cautioning for cannabis offences', International Journal of Drug Policy, vol. 41, pp. 140 - 147, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2016.12.012
    Journal articles | 2017
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Georgieva I; Bainbridge E; McGuinness D; Keys M; Brosnan L; Felzmann H; Maguire J; Murphy K; Higgins A; McDonald C; Hallahan B, 2017, 'Opinions of key stakeholders concerning involuntary admission of patients under the Mental Health Act 2001', Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine, vol. 34, pp. 223 - 232, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ipm.2016.6
    Journal articles | 2017
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Belackova V; Ritter A; Shanahan M; Hughes CE, 2017, 'Assessing the concordance between illicit drug laws on the books and drug law enforcement: Comparison of three states on the continuum from “decriminalised” to “punitive”', International Journal of Drug Policy, vol. 41, pp. 148 - 157, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2016.12.013
    Journal articles | 2016
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Chalmers J; Lancaster K; Hughes C, 2016, 'The stigmatisation of ‘ice’ and under-reporting of meth/amphetamine use in general population surveys: A case study from Australia', International Journal of Drug Policy, vol. 36, pp. 15 - 24, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2016.06.001
    Journal articles | 2016
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C; Chalmers J; Bright DA; McFadden M, 2016, 'Poly-drug trafficking: Estimating the scale, trends and harms at the Australian border.', International Journal of Drug Policy., vol. 31, pp. 80 - 89, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2016.01.005
    Journal articles | 2016
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Lancaster K; Ritter A; Hughes C; Hoppe R, 2016, 'A critical examination of the introduction of drug detection dogs for policing of illicit drugs in New South Wales, Australia using Kingdon’s ‘multiple streams’ heuristic', Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, vol. 13, pp. 583 - 603, http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/174426416X14683497019265
    Journal articles | 2016
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Stevens A; Hughes C; Andro A, 2016, 'Dépénalisation et santé publique : politiques des drogues et toxicomanies au Portugal', Mouvements, vol. 86, pp. 22 - 22, http://dx.doi.org/10.3917/mouv.086.0022
    Journal articles | 2016
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Dietze PM; Quinn B; Hughes C, 2016, 'Estimating the number of regular and dependent methamphetamine users in Australia, 2002-2014', The Medical journal of Australia, vol. 205, pp. 425 - 426, http://dx.doi.org/10.5694/mja16.00795
    Journal articles | 2015
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Cowdery N; Ritter A, 2015, 'Deemed Supply in Australian Drug Trafficking Laws: A Justifiable Legal Provision?', Current Issues in Criminal Justice, vol. 27, pp. 1 - 20, http://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=366887334489689;res=IELHSS
    Journal articles | 2015
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    McSweeney T; Hughes CE; Ritter A, 2015, 'Tackling 'drug-related' crime: Are there merits in diverting drug-misusing defendants to treatment? Findings from an Australian case study', Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology, vol. 49, pp. 198 - 220, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0004865814555773
    Journal articles | 2014
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Ritter A; Cowdery N, 2014, 'Legislating thresholds for drug trafficking: A policy development case study from New South Wales, Australia', International Journal of Drug Policy, vol. 25, pp. 992 - 1000, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2014.03.002
    Journal articles | 2014
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Ritter A; Cowdery N; Sindicich N, 2014, ''Trafficking' or 'personal use': Do people who regularly inject drugs understand Australian drug trafficking laws?', Drug and Alcohol Review, vol. 33, pp. 658 - 666, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dar.12167
    Journal articles | 2014
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C; Ritter A; Cowdery N; Phillips B, 2014, 'Australian threshold quantities for 'drug trafficking': Are they placing drug users at risk of unjustified sanction?', Trends and Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice, pp. 1 - 7
    Journal articles | 2013
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Ritter A; Mabbitt N, 2013, 'Drug policy coordination: Identifying and assessing dimensions of coordination', International Journal of Drug Policy, vol. 24, pp. 244 - 250, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2012.08.004
    Journal articles | 2013
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Lancaster K; Hughes CE, 2013, 'Buzzed, broke, but not busted: How young Australians perceive the consequences of using illicit drugs', Youth Studies Australia, vol. 32, pp. 19 - 28, http://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=174127672422755;res=IELHSS
    Journal articles | 2013
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Chalmers J; Matthews-Simmons F; Hughes CE, 2013, 'The recent expansion in the Australian cocaine market: who are the new users and what are the harms?', Current Drug Abuse Reviews, vol. 6, pp. 98 - 111, http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1874473706666131205150424
    Journal articles | 2013
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C, 2013, 'Drugs and Culture: Knowledge, Consumption and Policy', DRUG AND ALCOHOL REVIEW, vol. 32, pp. 336 - 337, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dar.12007
    Journal articles | 2013
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE, 2013, 'Drugs and Culture: Knowledge, Consumption and Policy: [book review]', Drug and Alcohol Review, vol. 32, pp. 336 - 337, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dar.12007/full
    Journal articles | 2012
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Stevens A, 2012, 'A resounding success or a disastrous failure: Re-examining the interpretation of evidence on the Portuguese decriminalisation of illicit drugs', Drug and Alcohol Review, vol. 31, pp. 101 - 113, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-3362.2011.00383.x
    Journal articles | 2012
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Bright DA; Hughes CE; Chalmers JJ, 2012, 'Illuminating dark networks: A social network analysis of an Australian drug trafficking syndicate.', Crime Law and Social Change, vol. 57, pp. 151 - 176, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10611-011-9336-z
    Journal articles | 2012
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Lancaster K; Hughes CE; Chalmers J; Ritter A, 2012, 'More than problem-solving: Critical reflections on the 'problematisation' of alcohol-related violence in Kings Cross', Drug and Alcohol Review, vol. 31, pp. 925 - 927, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-3362.2012.00516.x
    Journal articles | 2012
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Lancaster K; Hughes CE; Spicer B, 2012, 'News media consumption among young Australians: Patterns of use and attitudes towards media reporting', Media International Australia, Incorporating Culture and Policy, vol. 143, pp. 16 - 27, http://www.uq.edu.au/mia/2012-issues#143
    Journal articles | 2012
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Lancaster K; Hughes CE; Chalmers JJ; Ritter A, 2012, 'More than problem-solving: Critical reflections on the ‘problematisation’ of alcohol-related violence in Kings Cross', Drug and Alcohol Review, vol. 31, pp. 925 - 927, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-3362.2012.00516.x/full
    Journal articles | 2012
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Lancaster K; Hughes CE; Spicer B, 2012, 'Media ownership and content diversity: reporting of illicit drug issues in NSW, VIC, ACT and WA major metropolitan daily newspapers', Australian Journalism Review, vol. 34, pp. 53 - 66
    Journal articles | 2012
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C; Phillips B; Ritter A; Cowdery N, 2012, ''TRAFFICKING' OR 'PERSONAL USE': DO REGULAR DRUG USERS UNDERSTAND AUSTRALIAN DRUG TRAFFICKING LAWS?', DRUG AND ALCOHOL REVIEW, vol. 31, pp. 53 - 53, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000311236700163&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a29b250adbe88d1
    Journal articles | 2012
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Chalmers J; Bright DA; Matthew-Simmons F; Sindicich N, 2012, 'Examining supply changes in Australia's cocaine market', Drug and Alcohol Review, vol. 31, pp. 263 - 272, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-3362.2011.00350.x
    Journal articles | 2012
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; James S, 2012, 'Performance monitoring of Australian drug law enforcement agencies: Impediments to and prospects for reform', Current Issues in Criminal Justice, vol. 23, pp. 295 - 312, http://search.informit.com.au/browseJournalTitle;res=AGISPT;issn=1034-5329
    Journal articles | 2012
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Chalmers JJ; Bright DA; Matthew-Simmons F; Sindicich N, 2012, 'Examining supply changes in Australia's cocaine market', Drug and Alcohol Review, vol. 31, pp. 263 - 272, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-3362.2011.00350.x/full
    Journal articles | 2012
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Stevens A, 2012, 'A resounding success or a disastrous failure: Re-examining the interpretation of evidence on the Portuguese decriminalisation of illicit drugs', Drug and Alcohol Review, vol. 31, pp. 101 - 113, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-3362.2011.00383.x/pdf
    Journal articles | 2011
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Lancaster K; Hughes CE; Spicer B; Matthew-Simmons F; Dillon PG, 2011, 'Illicit drugs and the media: Models of media effects for use in drug policy research', Drug and Alcohol Review, vol. 30, pp. 397 - 402, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-3362.2010.00239.x
    Journal articles | 2011
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Lancaster K; Spicer B, 2011, 'How do Australian news media depict illicit drug issues? An analysis of print media reporting across and between illicit drugs 2003-2008', International Journal of Drug Policy, vol. 22, pp. 285 - 291, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2011.05.008
    Journal articles | 2011
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Lancaster K; Hughes CE; Spicer B; Matthew-Simmons F; Dillon P, 2011, 'Illicit drugs and the media: Models of media effects for use in drug policy research', Drug and Alcohol Review, vol. 30, pp. 397 - 402, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-3362.2010.00239.x
    Journal articles | 2011
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C; Spicer B; Lancaster K, 2011, 'Young people's perceptions of and engagement with news media reporting on illicit drug issues: An Australian study', Current Issues in Criminal Justice, vol. 23, pp. 145 - 161
    Journal articles | 2010
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Stevens A, 2010, 'What can we learn from the Portuguese decriminalization of illicit drugs?', British Journal of Criminology, vol. 50, pp. 999 - 1022, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bjc/azq038
    Journal articles | 2010
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C; Spicer B; Lancaster K; Matthew-simmons F; Dillon PG, 2010, 'Youth, drugs and the media: Creating attitude', Of Substance, vol. 8, pp. 16 - 17
    Journal articles | 2010
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C; Lancaster K; Matthew-simmons F; Dillon PG, 2010, 'News values', Druglink, vol. Sept-Oct 2010, pp. 16 - 17
    Journal articles | 2010
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C; Spicer B; Lancaster K; Matthew-simmons F; Dillon PG, 2010, 'Drugs in the Australian news media: Trends and impacts on youth attitudes to illicit drug use', DPMP Bulletin Series, vol. 20, pp. 1 - 4
    Journal articles | 2010
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C, 2010, 'Drug Policy and the Public Good', DRUG AND ALCOHOL REVIEW, vol. 29, pp. 577 - 578, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-3362.2010.00233_1.x
    Journal articles | 2010
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C, 2010, 'Diversion: Australia's alternative to drug law reform', Matters of Substance, vol. 20, pp. 15 - 17, http://www.drugfoundation.org.nz/
    Journal articles | 2010
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C, 2010, 'Coordinating the National Drug Strategy: Where to from here?', ADCA News, vol. 50, pp. 9 - 9
    Journal articles | 2010
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C, 2010, 'Legislative thresholds for drug possession and traffic: An overview of State and Territory differences in Australia', DPMP Bulletin Series, vol. 18, pp. 1 - 3
    Journal articles | 2010
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C, 2010, 'Drug policy and the public good', Drug and Alcohol Review, vol. 29, pp. 577 - 580, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1465-3362.2010.00233.x
    Journal articles | 2009
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C, 2009, 'Capitalising upon political opportunities to reform drug policy: A case study into the development of the Australian "Tough on Drugs-Illicit Drug Diversion Initiative"', International Journal of Drug Policy, vol. 20, pp. 431 - 437, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2008.12.003
    Journal articles | 2007
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE, 2007, 'Evidence-based policy or policy-based evidence? The role of evidence in the development and implementation of the illicit drug diversion initiative', Drug and Alcohol Review, vol. 26, pp. 363 - 368, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09595230701373859
    Journal articles | 2007
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C, 2007, 'Evidence-based policy or policy-based evidence? The role of evidence in the development of the Illicit Drug Diversion Initiative', Drug and Alcohol Review, vol. 26, pp. 364 - 368, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1080/09595230701373859/pdf
  • Reports | 2019
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Vuong T; Ritter A; Hughes C; Shanahan M; Barrett L, 2019, Mandatory alcohol and drug treatment: What is it and does it work?, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, http://dx.doi.org/10.26190/5cc258e2a385c
    Reports | 2019
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C; Seaar K; Ritter A; Mazerolle L, 2019, Monograph No. 27: Criminal justice responses relating to personal use and possession of illicit drugs: The reach of Australian drug diversion programs and barriers and facilitators to expansion, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, http://dx.doi.org/10.26190/5cca661ce09ce
    Reports | 2019
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Gibbs D; Hughes C; Barratt M; Ezard N; Bruno R; Sutherland R; Griggs J; Salom C; Hill P; Dietze P; Lenton S; Degenhardt L; Peacock A, 2019, Illicit drug use and awareness of health and policing initiatives at Australian music festivals among people who regularly use ecstasy and other illicit stimulants, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, http://dx.doi.org/10.26190/5da508d7381bd
    Reports | 2019
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C; Barratt M; Ferris J; Winstock A, 2019, DPMP Bulletin No. 28: Australian music festival attendees: A national overview of demographics, drug use patterns, policing experiences and helpseeking behaviour, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre and Social Policy Research Centre, Sydney, http://dx.doi.org/10.26190/5d3047374799b
    Reports | 2018
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Ritter A, 2018, DPMP Bulletin No. 25: What does the research evidence tell us about what Australians think about the legal status of drugs? A 2018 update, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre and Social Policy Research Centre, Sydney, DPMP Bulletin Series
    Reports | 2018
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C; Stevens A; Hulme S; Cassidy R, 2018, Review of approaches taken in Ireland and in other jurisdictions to simple possession drug offences, UNSW Australia and University of Kent, Sydney and Kent
    Reports | 2018
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Shanahan ; Hughes CE, 2018, Cannabis caution in NSW: A secondary analysis of the National Cannabis Survey data. A report for NSW Police, Drug Policy Modelling Program, NDARC, UNSW, Sydney
    Reports | 2017
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Shanahan M; Sotade O; Ritter A, 2017, Towards a new ACT Drug and Alcohol Court: A program and systems perspective, Drug Policy Modelling Program, NDARC, UNSW, Sydney
    Reports | 2017
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Shanahan M; Sotade O, 2017, Briefing paper for the ACT Drug and Alcohol Court Focus Group, Sydney, Drug Policy Modelling Program, NDARC, UNSW
    Reports | 2017
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Shanahan MD; Hughes CE; McSweeney T, 2017, Australian police diversion for cannabis offences: Assessing program outcomes and cost-effectiveness, National Drug Law Enforcement Research Fund, Canberra, Monograph Series No. 66, http://www.ndlerf.gov.au/publications/monographs/monograph-66
    Reports | 2017
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Shanahan M; Hughes C; McSweeney T, 2017, Police diversion for cannabis offences: Assessing outcomes and cost-effectiveness, Australian Institute of Criminology, Canberra, Trends & issues in crime and criminal justice no. 532, http://www.aic.gov.au/publications/current%20series/tandi/521-540/tandi532.html
    Reports | 2016
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C; Ritter A; Chalmers J; Lancaster K; Barratt M; Moxham-Hall V, 2016, Decriminalisation of drug use and possession in Australia – A briefing note, Drug Policy Modelling Program, NDARC, UNSW Australia, Sydney, https://dpmp.unsw.edu.au/resource/decriminalisation-drug-use-and-possession-australia-%E2%80%93-briefing-note
    Reports | 2016
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Chalmers J; Bright D; McFadden M, 2016, Trafficking in multiple commodities: Exposing Australia's poly-drug and poly-crime networks, National Drug Law Enforcement Research Fund, Canberra, NDLERF Research Bulletin Series, Research Bulletin No. 4
    Reports | 2016
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C; Chalmers J; Bright D; McFadden M, 2016, Trafficking in multiple commodities: Exposing Australia's poly-drug and poly-crime networks, National Drug Law Enforcement Research Fund, Canberra, Monograph No. 62, http://www.ndlerf.gov.au/publications/monographs/monograph-62
    Reports | 2015
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Belackova V; Ritter A; Shanahan M; Chalmers J; Hughes C; Barratt MJ; Lancaster K, 2015, Medicinal cannabis in Australia – Framing the regulatory options
    Reports | 2014
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C; Ritter A; Cowdery N; Phillips B, 2014, Australian threshold quantities for 'drug trafficking': Are they placing drug users at risk of unjustified sanction, Australian Institute of Criminology, Canberra, http://www.aic.gov.au/publications/current%20series/tandi/461-480/tandi467.html
    Reports | 2014
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Ritter A; Cowdery N; Phillips B, 2014, Evaluating Australian drug trafficking thresholds: Proportionate, equitable and just?, Criminology Research Advisory Council, Canberra, http://crg.aic.gov.au/reports/1314/35-1112-FinalReport.pdf
    Reports | 2014
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Shanahan M; Ritter A; McDonald D; Gray-Weale F, 2014, Monograph No. 25: Evaluation of the ACT drug diversion programs, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, Sydney, DPMP Monograph Series, https://ndarc.med.unsw.edu.au/sites/default/files/ndarc/resources/DPMP%20MONO%2025.pdf
    Reports | 2014
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE, 2014, Drugs and the law: what you need to know, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, UNSW, Sydney
    Reports | 2012
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Wodak AD, 2012, A background paper for an Australia21 Roundtable, Melbourne, Friday 6th July 2012 addressing the question: "What can Australia learn from different approaches to drugs in Europe including especially Portugal, Switzerland, the Netherlands and Sweden?”, Australia21, Weston, ACT, http://ndarc.med.unsw.edu.au/sites/ndarc.cms.med.unsw.edu.au/files/ndarc/resources/Australia21%20background%20paper%20July%202012.pdf
    Reports | 2011
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE; Ritter A, 2011, Monograph No. 22: Legal thresholds for serious drug offences: Expert advice to the ACT on determining amounts for trafficable, commercial and large commercial drug offences, National Drug and Alcohol Reseach Centre, Sydney, DPMP Monograph Series, https://dpmp.unsw.edu.au/sites/default/files/dpmp/resources/22%20Legal%20thresholds%20for%20serious%20drug%20offences.pdf
    Reports | 2010
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C; Spicer B; Lancaster K; Matthew-simmons F; Dillon PG, 2010, Monograph No. 19: Media Reporting on Illicit Drugs in Australia:Trends and impacts on youth attitudes to illicit drug use, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Original, https://ndarc.med.unsw.edu.au/sites/default/files/ndarc/resources/19%20Media%20reporting%20on%20illicit%20drugs%20in%20Australia.pdf
    Reports | 2010
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C; Ritter A, 2010, Diversion of drug offenders - Report for Queensland Health and Queesland Police, Drug Policy Modelling Program, Sydney
    Reports | 2010
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C; Lodge M; Ritter A, 2010, Monograph No. 18: The Coordination of Australian Illicit Drug Policy: A governance perspective, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Original, https://ndarc.med.unsw.edu.au/sites/default/files/ndarc/resources/18%20The%20coordination%20of%20Australian%20illicit%20drug%20policy.pdf
    Reports | 2008
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C; Ritter A, 2008, Monograph No. 16: A summary of diversion programs for drug and drug related offenders in Australia, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, Sydney, Original, https://dpmp.unsw.edu.au/resource/16-summary-diversion-programs-drug-and-drug-related-offenders-australia
    Reports | 2007
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C; Stevens A, 2007, The effects of decriminalization of drug use in Portugal, Beckley Foundation, United Kingdom, Beckley Foundation Briefing Papers, Briefing Paper 14, http://www.beckleyfoundation.org/pdf/BriefingPaper14.pdf
  • Conference Abstracts | 2019
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Peacock A; Bruno R; Barratt M; Sutherland R; Hughes C; Gibbs D; Grigg J; Uporova J; Karlsson A; Kelly G; Dietze PM; Salom C; Lenton S; Degenhardt L; Farrell M; Ezard N, 2019, 'DRUG CHECKING AND OTHER HARM REDUCTION BEHAVIOURS REPORTED BY PEOPLE WHO USE ECSTASY: FINDINGS FROM THE ECSTASY AND RELATED DRUGS REPORTING SYSTEM 2019', in DRUG AND ALCOHOL REVIEW, WILEY, Vol. 38, pp. S81 - S81, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000494890100203&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a29b250adbe88d1
    Other | 2019
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C, 2019, The Australian (illicit) drug policy timeline - 1985 to 2018, Drug Policy Modelling Program, NDARC, UNSW Australia, Sydney
    Other | 2018
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Ritter A; Hughes C; Shanahan M, 2018, Bulletin No. 26: Models for the Decriminalisation of the Personal Use and Possession of Drugs, Social Policy Research Centre, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, http://dx.doi.org/10.26190/5beba8750ca19
    Other | 2018
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C; Ritter A, 2018, Bulletin No. 25: What does the research evidence tell us about what Australians think about the legal status of drugs? A 2018 update, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, UNSW Sydney, Sydney
    Conference Posters | 2017
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    O'Reilly M; Hughes CE; Bright D; Ritter A, 2017, 'Understanding how high-level ecstasy traffickers in Australia adapt to changes in their drug supply', Adelaide, presented at 9th Annual Iliicit Networks Workshop, Adelaide, 11 December 2017 - 12 December 2017
    Conference Abstracts | 2017
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hulme S; Djordjevic D; Hughes C; Nielsen S, 2017, 'THE INVOLVEMENT OF HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONALS IN THE DIVERSION OF PHARMACEUTICALS IN AUSTRALIA', in DRUG AND ALCOHOL REVIEW, WILEY, Vol. 36, pp. 39 - 39, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000424000500098&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a29b250adbe88d1
    Conference Posters | 2017
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hulme SR; Djordjevic D; Hughes CE; Nielsen S, 2017, 'The role of health practitioners in the diversion of pharmaceutical drugs for non-medical use in Australia', Adelaide, presented at Illicit Networks Workshop, Adelaide, 10 December 2017 - 12 December 2017
    Conference Presentations | 2017
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hulme SR; Djordjevic D; Hughes C; Nielsen S, 2017, 'The role of health practitioners in the diversion of pharmaceutical drugs for non-medical use in Australia', presented at Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol & other Drugs (APSAD), Melbourne, 12 November 2017 - 15 November 2017
    Other | 2016
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE, 2016, The Australian (illicit) drug policy timeline: 1985-2016, Drug Policy Modelling Program, NDARC, UNSW, Sydney, http://dpmp.unsw.edu.au/resource/drug-policy-timeline
    Conference Abstracts | 2016
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Dietze PM; Quinn B; Hughes C; Scott N; Jenkinson R; Chalmers J; Fitzgerald JL, 2016, 'THE PITFALLS OF PREVALENCE ESTIMATION: THE CASE OF REGULAR AND DEPENDENT METHAMPHETAMINE USE IN AUSTRALIA', in DRUG AND ALCOHOL REVIEW, WILEY, Vol. 35, pp. 34 - 34, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000398381500094&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a29b250adbe88d1
    Conference Abstracts | 2015
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Shanahan M; Hughes C; McSweeney T, 2015, 'AUSTRALIAN POLICE DIVERSION FOR CANNABIS OFFENCES: OUTCOMES AND COST-EFFECTIVENESS', in DRUG AND ALCOHOL REVIEW, WILEY-BLACKWELL, Vol. 34, pp. 59 - 59, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000367694000158&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a29b250adbe88d1
    Other | 2015
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE, 2015, The Australian (illicit) drug policy timeline: 1985-2015, Drug Policy Modelling Program, NDARC, UNSW, Sydney, https://ndarc.med.unsw.edu.au/resource/australian-illicit-drug-policy-timeline-1985-2014-national
    Other | 2012
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes CE, 2012, Australian (Illicit) Drug Policy Timeline 1985 - 2012, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, http://ndarc.med.unsw.edu.au/resource/australian-illicit-drug-policy-timeline-1985-2012
    Conference Papers | 2010
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C; Spicer B; Lancaster K; Mathew-Simmons F; Dillon P, 2010, '"WOULD IT MAKE ME TAKE DRUGS IN A HEARTBEAT? NO BUT..." - THE IMPACT OF MEDIA REPORTING ON AUSTRALIAN YOUTH ATTITUDES TO ILLICIT DRUGS', in DRUG AND ALCOHOL REVIEW, WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC, pp. 36 - 36, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000284895600090&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a29b250adbe88d1
    Conference Papers | 2010
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Lancaster K; Hughes C; Spicer B; Matthew-Simmons F; Dillon P, 2010, 'STOP THE PRESS! REPORTING TRENDS AND DOMINANT PORTRAYALS OF ILLICIT DRUGS IN THE AUSTRALIAN MEDIA, 2003-2008', in DRUG AND ALCOHOL REVIEW, WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC, pp. 40 - 40, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000284895600101&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a29b250adbe88d1
    Conference Papers | 2010
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Lancaster K; Hughes C; Spicer B; Matthew-Simmons F; Dillon PG, 2010, 'Curiosity killed the M-Cat: an examination of illicit drugs and the media', in The Australian and New Zealand Critical Criminology Conference Proceedings 2010, Sydney Institute of Criminology, Sydney, presented at 2010 Australian and New Zealand Critical Criminology Conference, Sydney, 01 July 2010 - 02 July 2010, http://ses.library.usyd.edu.au/handle/2123/7382
    Other | 2010
    Dr Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes
    Hughes C; Lodge M; Ritter A; McDonald D, 2010, Monograph No. 18: The coordination of Australian illicit drug policy: A governance perspective, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, Sydney

Awards

Grants

Media