Dr Md Nazmul Huda
Research Officer

Dr Md Nazmul Huda

PhD in public health and social epidemiology, UNSW Sydney.

MSS (by research) in Sociology (3.80/4), University of Dhaka.

BSS in Sociology (first class), University of Dhaka.

Medicine & Health
School of Clinical Medicine

Dr. Md Nazmul Huda is a social epidemiologist with expertise in systematic reviews and mixed-method research on (mental) health promotion of marginalised populations, including indigenous, children, young, older, and CALD populations. He has ten years of experience in researching various areas, including infectious (communicable) diseases, global health, health services, primary healthcare, and developmental psychology. Dr. Huda published seven newspaper articles and thirty-nine articles in peer-reviewed journals, with 80% in Q1 journals. He attended fourteen national and international conferences with scholarships. Earlier, he worked as a researcher and lecturer/academic at USYD, UNSW, WSU, ACU, SCEI, GUB and IUB.

He was awarded a prestigious UIPA scholarship to undertake his PhD at SPHCM. His PhD topic was 'A mixed-methods study of sex work and the HIV prevention environment for female sex workers in Bangladesh'. Earlier, Dr Huda did a Bachelor of Social Sciences (by research) and Master of Social Sciences in Sociology (by research on HIV prevention) from the University of Dhaka, Bangladesh and earned first-class (fourth position in order of merit) and 3.80/4 out of 225 students, respectively. Due to his excellent academic results, the University of Dhaka awarded him the 'SM Hall Scholarship'.

 

 

 

Location
UNSW/Ingham Institute for Applied Medical Research, Level 3. 1 Campbell St, Liverpool NSW 2170. And, Liverpool hospital.

  1. Yang, G.E., Ee, C., Mackenzie, E., Huda, M.N., Henning, M., Yeung, A., Oh, B., Ruiz, J., Zhang, P. (2023). Tai Chi-based stress reduction program for students in higher education settings: A pilot clinical trial. Western Sydney University, 20,000 AUD.

 

  1. Yang, G.E., Ee, C., Mackenzie, E., Huda, M.N., Henning, M., Yeung, A., Oh, B., Ruiz, J., Zhang, P. (2022). Co-designing a Tai Chi-based stress reduction program for students in higher education settings: A mixed method study. Western Sydney University Research Theme Funding grant, 14,000 AUD.

 

  1. Huda, M.N., Naher, S., Farzana, S. Saikat, S., and Azad, A.K. (2014). Climate change and related health risks in Bangladesh. Grant from Green University of Bangladesh, 1200 USD.

 

  1. Amanullah, A.S.M., and Huda, M.N. (2012). Commercial sex and vulnerability to HIV infection among the children of sex workers in Tangail brothel. University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh and Action Aid, 8,000 USD.

 

  1. Amanullah, A.S.M., and Huda, M.N. (2012). A study on the situation of children of sex workers in Daulatdia brothel area in Bangladesh. Grant from the Save the Children, 10,000 USD.

Selected Scholarships/Awards

 

  1. International AIDS Society (IAS) Scholarship for paper presentation from my PhD thesis, 2022.

 

  1. International AIDS Society (IAS) Scholarship for paper presentation from my PhD thesis, 2020.

 

  1. ICAAP12 scholarship for oral presentation of one of my papers from PhD thesis.

 

  1. University International Postgraduate Award (UIPA) scholarship (tuition fees and 92,4716 AUD) for pursuing a PhD in the School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales (UNSW), Sydney, Australia, 2015.

 

  1.  ‘SM Hall Award’, University of Dhaka, for excellent academic results in BSS in Sociology, 2011.

 

Published journal articles

2024:

  1. Anwar, A., Ali, A. M., Yadav, U. N., Huda, M. N., Rizwan, A. A. M., Parray, A. A., ... & Mistry, S. K. (2024). Promotion of livelihood opportunities to address food insecurity in Rohingya refugee camps of Bangladesh. Global Public Health, 19(1), 2295446. DOI: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17441692.2023.2295446

2023:

  1. Mistry, S. K., Ali, A. M., Yadav, U. N., Ghimire, S., Anwar, A., Huda, M. N., ... & Harris, M. F. (2023). The burden of non-disabled frailty and its associated factors among older adults in Bangladesh. Plos one, 18(11), e0294889. DOI: https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0294889

 

  1. Ul Hussain, H., Nihal, K., Rehan, S. T., Khan, Z., Hashmi, M. R., Khabir, Y., ... & Huda, M.N. Odds of HIV among incarcerated drug users: a systematic review and meta-analysis of Asian countries. Annals of Medicine and Surgery, 10-1097. URL: https://journals.lww.com/annals-of-medicine-and-surgery/fulltext/2023/11000/odds_of_hiv_among_incarcerated_drug_users__a.44.aspx 

 

  1. Ong, K. L., Stafford, L. K., McLaughlin, S. A., Boyko, E. J., Vollset, S. E., Smith, A. E., ... Huda, M.N.,.... & Brauer, M. (2023). Global, regional, and national burden of diabetes from 1990 to 2021, with projections of prevalence to 2050: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2021. The Lancet. URL: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(23)01301-6/fulltext

 

  1. Anwar, A., Yadav, U. N., Huda, M. N., Das, S., Rosenbaum, S., Ali, A. M., ... & Mistry, S. K. (2023). Anxiety and Stress Related to COVID-19 Among the Community Dwelling Older Adults Residing in the Largest Refugee Camp of the World. Community Mental Health Journal, 1-12. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10597-023-01101-5

 

  1. Rahman, A., Huda, M.N., Somerville, E., Penny, L., Dashwood, R., Bloxsome, S., Warrior, K. Arabena, K., et al. (2023). Understanding experiences of Australian Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander patients at the emergency departments in Australia. Emergency Medicine Australasia Journal. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/1742-6723.14172

 

  1. Anwar, A., Yadav, U., Huda, M.N. Rifat, M.A. Ali., ARMM., Mondal, P.K., Rizwan, AAM., Shuvo, SD., Mistry, SK. (2023). Prevalence and determinants of self-reported functional status among older adults residing in the largest refugee camp of the world. BMC Geriatrics, 23(345). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-023-04067-x

 

  1. Anwar, A., Yadav, U., Huda, M.N., et al. (2023). COVID-19-related stigma among older adults residing in the Rohingya refugee camps in Bangladesh. Stigma and Health Journal. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/sah0000466

 

2022:

 

  1. Huda, M.N, Ahmed, M. U., Uddin, M., Hasan, M. K., Uddin, J., & Dune, T. M. (2022). Prevalence and Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Behavioral Risk Factors of Self-Reported Symptoms of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) among Ever-Married Women: Evidence from Nationally Representative Surveys in Bangladesh. the Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 19(3), 1906. https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/19/3/1906

 

  1. Mistry, S.K., Ali, A.R.M.M., Yadav, U.N., Huda, M.N., Ghimire, S., Bestman, A., Hossain, M.B., Harris, M. (2022). Mistry, S. K., Ali, A. M., Yadav, U. N., Huda, M. N., Parray, A. A., Mahumud, R. A., & Mitra, D. (2022). COVID-19 vaccination coverage is extremely low among older population in Bangladesh: findings from a cross-sectional study. Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics, https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21645515.2022.2030624

 

  1. Huda, M.N., Malo, J.S., Khan, S., Akombi BJ; Hailemariam, T.G., Hadisuyatmana, S., Hossain, S.Z., Islam, R., Ferdous, A., and Renzaho A. (2022). Medical waste management-related factors affecting health and experiences of health risks among medical waste handlers in low and middle-income countries: A systematic review protocol of qualitative studies. British Medical Journal Open, 12(3): 1-12. https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/12/3/e056037.abstract

 

  1. Mistry, S.K., Ali, A.R.M.M., Yadav, U.N., Das, S. Akter, N., Huda, M.N., Hadisuyatmana, S., Rahman, S., Lim, D., Rahman, M.M. (2022). COVID-19 related anxiety and its associated factors: A cross-sectional study on older adults in Bangladesh. BMC Psychiatry, 22(1): 1-11. https://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12888-022-04403-2

 

  1. Subramanee, S.D., Agho, K., Lakshmi, J., Huda, M.N., Joshi, R., Akombi-Inyang, B. (2022). Child Marriage in South Asia:  a systematic review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 19(22), 15138. https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/19/22/15138

 

  1. Rahman, A., Huda, M.N., Somerville, E., Penny, L., Dashwood, R., Bloxsome, S., Warrior, K. Arabena, K., et al. (2022). Understanding experiences of Australian Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander patients at the emergency departments in Australia. This study has been accepted for publication in the Emergency Medicine Australasia Journal.

 

  1. Mistry, S.K., Ali, A.R.M.M., Yadav, U.N., Khanam, F., Huda, M.N. (2022). Changes in loneliness prevalence and its associated factors among Bangladeshi older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. PLOS One, 17(11): e0277247. https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0277247

 

  1. Huda, M.N.; Hossain, S.Z.; Dune, T.M.; Amanullah, A.S.M.; Renzaho, A.M.N. The Involvement of Bangladeshi Girls and Women in Sex Work: Sex Trafficking, Victimhood, and Agency. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 2022, 19, 7458. https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/19/12/7458

 

  1. Mistry, S.K., Ali, A.R.M.M., Yadav, U.N., Huda, M.N., Ghimire, S., Saha, M., Sarwar, S. Harris, M. (2022). Loneliness and its correlates among Bangladeshi older adults amid COVID-19 pandemic: Findings from a cross-sectional study. Scientific Reports, 12. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-022-19376-1

 

  1. Mistry, S.K., Ali, A.R.M.M., Yadav, U.N., Huda, M.N., Ghimire, S., Bestman, A., Hossain, M.B., (2022).  Change in prevalence over time and factors associated with depression among Bangladeshi older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychogeriatrics.https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1111/psyg.12925

 

  1. Rifat, M. A., Huda, M. N., Parray, A. A., Yadav, U. N., Mahumud, R. A., Ali, A. M., & Mistry, S. K. (2022). Global COVID-19 vaccine equity and the booster dose in low-resource countries: A decolonizing global health perspective. Global Biosecurity, 4(1). https://jglobalbiosecurity.com/articles/10.31646/gbio.160?fs=e&s=cl

 

  1. Mistry, S.K., Ali, A.R.M.M., Yadav, U.N., Khanom, F., Huda, M.N., Chowdhury, A.B.M.A., Sarma, H. (2022). Changes in hypertension in Bangladeshi older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic: Findings from a repeated cross-sectional study. the Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 19(20), 13475. https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/19/20/13475

 

  1. Mistry, S. K., Ali, A. R. M., Yadav, U. N., Huda, M.N, Rahman, M., Saha, M., ... & Ghimire, S. (2022). Stigma toward people with COVID-19 among Bangladeshi older adults. Frontiers in Public Health, 2919. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpubh.2022.982095/full?&utm_source=Email_to_authors_&utm_medium=Email&utm_content=T1_11.5e1_author&utm_campaign=Email_publication&field=&journalName=Frontiers_in_Public_Health&id=982095

 

  1. Khan, M.N., Harris, M.L., Huda, M.N., Luxton, D. (2022). A population-level data linkage study to explore the association between health facility level factors and unintended pregnancy in Bangladesh. Scientific reports, 12(1), 1-11. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-022-19559-w

 

  1. Hossain, M.A., Huda (joint first author), M.N., Ullah, A.K.M.A., and Renzaho A. (2022). Risk factors, contemporary challenges and psychological well-being of the Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh: Policy implications. International Journal of Health Planning and Management.  https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/hpm.3472

 

  1. Huda, M. N., Hossain, S. Z. ., Mohsin, M. ., Azim, S. ., Rahman, M. ., Ferdous, A. ., & Hossain, M. A. . (2022). Exploring Knowledge and Practices Regarding Menstrual Hygiene Management Among Bihari Women In The Geneva Camp In Bangladesh. Women, Midwives and Midwifery2(1), 86-99. https://doi.org/10.36749/wmm.2.1.86-99.2022

 

2021:

 

  1. Mistry, S.K., Ali, A.R.M.M., Yadav, U.N., Huda, M.N., Ghimire, S., Bestman, A., Hossain, M.B., Reza,S., Joshi, R., Qasim, R., Harris, M. (2021). Difficulties faced by older Rohingya (Forcibly Displaced Myanmar Nationals or FDMNs) adults in accessing medical services amid COVID-19 pandemic in Bangladesh. British Medical Journal Global Health, 6(12):1-10. https://gh.bmj.com/content/6/12/e007051

 

  1. Mistry, S.K., Ali, A.R.M.M., Yadav, U.N., Huda, M.N., Ghimire, S., Bestman, A., Hossain, M.B., Harris, M. (2021). Perceived change in tobacco use and its associated factors among older adults  residing in Rohingya refugee camps during the COVID-19 pandemic in Bangladesh. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(23). https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/18/23/12349

 

  1. Huda, M,N., Uddin, H., Hasan, M.K., Malo, J.S., Duong, M.C., and Rahman, M.A. (2021). Examining Bangladesh’s responses to COVID-19: Lessons learned from Vietnam. Global Biosecurity Journal, 3(1). https://jglobalbiosecurity.com/articles/10.31646/gbio.123/

 

  1. Akombi B.J. Huda, M.N. Judith, B., and Wali, N. (2021). Double burden of malnutrition among migrants and refugees in developed countries: A systematic review proposal. Social Science Protocol journal, 4. http://journals.ed.ac.uk/social-science-protocols/article/view/5394

 

  1. Huda, M.N., Billah, M., Sharmin, S. et al. (2021). Associations between family social circumstances and psychological distress among the university students of Bangladesh: To what extent do the lifestyle factors mediate? BMC Psychology, 9, 80. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40359-021-00587-6

 

  1. Akombi, BJ; Huda, M.N., Schutte, A.E., Macniven, R., Lin, S., Xu, X., and Renzaho A. (2021). The association between post-migration nutrition and lifestyle transition and the risk of developing chronic diseases among sub-Saharan Africa migrants: A mixed method systematic review protocol. The International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (4706). https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/18/9/4706

 

2020:

 

  1. Huda, M. N., Islam, R., Qureshi, M. O., Pillai, S., & Hossain, S. Z. (2020). Rumour and social stigma as barriers to the prevention of coronavirus disease (COVID-19): What solutions to consider?. Global Biosecurity, 1(4). https://jglobalbiosecurity.com/articles/10.31646/gbio.78/

 

  1. Kamal, A. H., Huda, M. N., Dell, C., Hossain, S., & Ahmed, S. (2020). Translational strategies to control and prevent spread of COVID-19 in the Rohiynga refugee camps in Bangladesh. Global Biosecurity, 1(4). https://www.jglobalbiosecurity.com/articles/10.31646/gbio.77/print/

 

2012 - 2018:

 

  1. Huda, M. N., & Ferdous, A. (2018). The impact of HIV/AIDS education through formal curriculum and texts in Bangladesh: A study on secondary and higher secondary students. International Journal of Perceptions in Public Health, 2(2), 94-107.

 

  1. Huda, M. N., Sikder, A., Rahman, M., Mohiuddin, M., and Islam, M.S. (2016). Access to mass media and awareness of sexually transmitted diseases among the truck drivers in Dhaka city: do mass media make them aware? South Asian Journal of Social Sciences, 1(1): 1-14.

 

  1. Huda, M. N., Hossin, M. Z., Ashik-E-Elahi, S., & Mahbub, F. (2016). Socio-demographic and economic correlates of climate change coping and adaptation Strategies: a study on the farmer communities in Barisal District, Bangladesh. American Journal of Climate Change, 5(02), 167.

 

  1. Huda, M. N. (2013). Understanding indigenous people’s perception on climate change and climatic hazards: a case study of Chakma indigenous communities in Rangamati Sadar Upazila of Rangamati district, Bangladesh. Natural Hazards 65(3):2147–2159.

 

  1. Huda, M. N. and Amanullah, ASM. (2013). HIV/AIDS-related knowledge among the secondary school students in Bangladesh: a cross-sectional study. Advances in Infectious Diseases, 2013, 3, 274-280.

 

Book Chapters

 

  1. Subramanee, S.D., Agho, K., Lakshmi, J., Huda, M.N., Joshi, R., Akombi-Inyang, B. (2022). Child Marriage in South Asia. Scholarly Community Encyclopedia. https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/36809

 

  1. Amanullah, ASM., and Huda, M.N. (2012). Commercial sex and vulnerability to HIV infection: a study among the children of sex workers (SWs) in Tangail Brothel. In Sabet, D.M., Rahman, T., and Ahmad S. (Eds.), Sex workers and their children in Bangladesh: addressing risks and vulnerabilities (pp.59-81). University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh (ULAB) and ActionAid.

 

Conference Papers

  1. Huda, M.N. (2023). Researching sensitive populations in hard-to-reach settings: Navigating challenges through self-reflection. This paper was presented in the Ingham Institute Postdoctoral Association Research in Focus conference, Ingham Institute for Applied Medical Research to be held on 21 Nov 2023, Liverpool, NSW, Australia.

 

  1. Huda, M.N. (2023). How Bangladeshi female sex workers exercise agency to resist sex work operators for HIV prevention. This paper was presented in the18th Asia Pacific Sociological Association Conference at the University of Sydney, Australia to be held on 2-4 July 2023. 

 

  1. Huda, M.N. (2023). Exploring gaps in the national HIV prevention response for Bangladeshi female sex workers: A multi-method study. This paper was presented at the staff-student seminar organised by the Sydney School of Health Sciences, the University of Sydney, Australia to be held on 20 June 2023. 

 

  1. Huda, M.N., Uddin, H., Hasan, M.K., Malo, J.S., Duong, M.C., and Rahman, M.A. (2021). Examining Bangladesh’s responses to COVID-19: Lessons learned from Vietnam. This paper was presented in the Second East Asia Sociology Association Webinar to be held on 31 October 2022. 

 

  1. Huda, M.N., Rawstorne, P., Dune, T., and Stephenson, N. (2022). How people with power constrain living and working environments of female sex workers in Bangladesh: A qualitative study. This paper was accepted for presentation in the 24th International AIDS Conference (IAS) to be held in Montreal, Canada, on 29 July -2 Aug 2022.

 

  1. Hossain, M.A., Huda, M.N., Ullah, A.K.M.A., and Renzaho A. (2021). Risk factors, contemporary challenges and psychological well-being of the Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh: Policy implications. This paper was presented in the Third International Conference of Social Science and Humanities 2021 to be held at Independent University Bangladesh on 13 November 2021.

 

  1. Huda, M.N., Rawstorne, P., and Stephenson, N. (2020). Women’s involvement into sex work and vulnerability to HIV transmission: A study in Bangladesh. This paper was presented in the 23rd International AIDS Conference (IAS) to be held in San Francisco and Oakland, the USA on 6-10 July 2020, 6-10 July 2020.

 

  1. Huda, M.N. (2017). Assessing the inclusion of gender-based violence in national strategic plans for HIV/AIDS in Bangladesh. A paper accepted in the 15th World Congress on Public Health (WCPH), 3-4 April 2017.

 

  1. Huda, M.N., Rawstorne, P., and Stephenson, N. (2016). HIV/AIDS responses targeting female sex workers in Bangladesh: beyond individualistic approaches? The 12th International Congress on AIDS in Asia and the Pacific (ICAAP), 12-14 March 2016, Dhaka: Bangladesh.

 

  1. Huda, M. N., Azim, S., Hossain, R., and Taher, T. (2015). Risk practices associated with HIV among people who inject drugs in Dhaka City: a qualitative study. A paper presented in an international conference organized by the Dhaka University Statistics Department Alumni Association (DUSDAA) at the University of Dhaka, Bangladesh, 28 December 2015.

 

  1. Huda, M. N., Sikder, A., Rahman, M., and Mohiuddin, M. (2015). Access to Mass Media and Awareness of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Among the Truck Drivers in Dhaka City: Do Mass Media Make Them Aware? A paper presented in UNSW postgraduate research conference Sydney, Australia, 21 August 2015.

 

  1. Huda, M. N. (2014). Impact of HIV/AIDS education through formal curriculum and texts in Bangladesh: an exploratory study on the secondary and higher secondary students. A paper presented in an International Conference, Independent University Bangladesh (IUB), 23-25 August 2014.

 

  1. Huda, M. N. (2013). Measuring Bangladeshi students’ attitudes towards HIV/AIDS education: a cross-sectional study. Published as an e-poster in the 11th International Congress on AIDS in Asia and the Pacific (ICAAP) held in Bangkok, Thailand, November 18-22, 2013.

 

  1. Amanullah, ASM and Huda, M.N. (2012). “Commercial Sex and Vulnerability to HIV Infection: A Study among the Children of Sex Workers (SWs) in Tangail Brothel”. Presented the key findings at the conference organized by the University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh (ULAB) and ActionAid Bangladesh on 22 November 2012 at the University of Dhaka.

 

Published newspaper articles

 

  1. Huda. M. N. (2021). Limited contraceptive use and increasing Rohingya population: Implications for Bangladesh. Retrieved from https://tbsnews.net/thoughts/limited-contraceptive-use-and-increasing-rohingya-population-implications-bangladesh

 

  1. Huda, M.N. (2020). Is Bangladesh ready to manage the risk of a coronavirus outbreak? The Daily Star. Retrieved from https://www.thedailystar.net/opinion/news/bangladesh-ready-manage-the-risk-coronavirus-outbreak-1883095

 

  1. Huda, M.N. & Hasan, M.K. (2020). Is it still possible for Bangladesh to contain Covid-19?  The Daily Star. Retrieved from https://www.thedailystar.net/opinion/news/it-still-possible-bangladesh-contain-covid-19-1931461

 

  1. Huda, M.N. (2020). How dangerous are fear and social stigma for Covid-19 prevention?  The Business Standard. Retrieved from https://tbsnews.net/thoughts/how-dangerous-are-fear-and-social-stigma-covid-19-prevention-111643?fbclid=IwAR02ZM8_pYTgC-hqYSpaQzkj3aW8BMeBLdmsRdyu-5L_F9iPeBKHnmXnUEM

 

  1. Huda, M.N. (2020). Involving young people in tackling climate change and Covid-19. The Daily Star. Retrieved from https://www.thedailystar.net/opinion/news/involving-young-people-tackling-climate-change-and-covid-19-1943413

 

  1. Huda, M.N. (2020). ‘Mental health for all’ during the Covid-19 pandemic. Retrieved from https://www.thedailystar.net/opinion/news/mental-health-all-during-the-covid-19-pandemic-1975269

My Research Supervision

  1. McFadden, C. (2022). Gendered perspectives on the silence around sexual and reproductive health and rights: Reflections from Migrant and Refugee Youths. Western Sydney University, Australia
  2. Barry, S. (2022). The influence of Religion on Migrant and Refugee Youths Attitudes to sexual and reproductive health and rights. Western Sydney University, Australia.
  3. Parker, E. (2022). Migrant and Refugee Youths' Reflections on Seeking sexual and reproductive health and rights Information. Western Sydney University, Australia.

My Teaching

Dr Huda was a full-time lecturer in Health Sociology and sessional academic in Public Health-related courses at various institutions in Australia (UNSW, WSU, USYD, SCEI, and ACU) and Bangladesh (GUB and IUB) for six years. He became involved in activities such as lecturing, tutoring, conducting practical classes on marking assignments, student consultations and other administrative tasks on-campus, online or a combination of both.