Virginia has researched and published widely in the fields of health economics and health systems, primarily in low- and middle-income countries. She is Professor of Health Economics and Health Systems at the Kirby Institute (Faculty of Medicine, UNSW) and at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (Department of Global Health and Development). She leads the Health Economics Research Network (HERN) at UNSW, a cross-Faculty Initiative for generating, reviewing, and disseminating evidence and information on health economics. Virginia has been awarded +$49m in research funding over her career to lead major studies in two key areas: (1) impact evaluations of complex public health interventions in the areas of malaria, HIV and STIs, TB, Hepatitis C and antimicrobial resistance; and (2) the evaluation of health financing systems to support universal health coverage. She is co-chief editor of Health Policy and Planning and on the board of the International Health Economics Association. Virginia has continuing involvement in supporting capacity development in health economics and health systems in low and middle income country universities and research institutions.