At any one time over 40,000 individuals are detained in prisons in Australia with many more cycling through the prison system each year. Significantly more individuals are processed by the courts, serve non-custodial sentences, or are under supervision in the community. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are massively overrepresented in the justice system. Prisoners represent one of the most disadvantaged and stigmatised groups in the community and have some of the worst health outcomes of any group in the community.
Our research focuses on the nexus between the health and justice systems with a range of groups such as incarcerated men and women, justice-involved young people, older prisoners, community-based offenders, and ex-prisoners. These groups have some of the worst health outcomes in the community necessitating a broad portfolio of work covering mental health, violence, domestic violence, communicable diseases, sexual and reproductive health, traumatic brain injury, tobacco smoking, chronic health conditions and substance use.
Our research aims to generate new knowledge and identify interventions to tackle the social determinants of crime, prevent incarceration, and improve health, justice and welfare outcomes for those in contact with the justice system. We use a diverse range of methodologies including randomised control trials, cross-sectional surveys, qualitative research, data-linkage, deliberative approaches, natural language processing (NLP), machine learning and text mining.
Our research interests include:
Human rights and advocacy are features of our work contributing to important narratives in the justice health area such as: the over incarceration of Aboriginal people in Australia’s prisons, decarceration, prison overcrowding, diversion away from prison into mental health treatment, histories of trauma and violence among prisoners, and issues raised by the ageing prisoner population.