Dr Amr Omar
Administrative Officer

Dr Amr Omar

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), 2021

Mechanical Engineering

University of New South Wales, Australia

 

Masters of Professional Engineering (MPE), 2017

Mechanical Engineering

University of Sydney, Australia

 

Bachelor of Science (B.s.), 2014

Mechanical Engineering

American University of Sharjah, UAE

Engineering
Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering

Amr Omar has completed his PhD at the University of New South Wales, where he focused on developing solar thermal systems and combining them with desalination processes to alleviate water scarcity in rural-arid regions. His thesis was an industry-funded project where its contributions are not only academic but also have real-life outcomes.

He has published his work in several peer-reviewed high impact factor journals and presented his work in different acclaimed international conferences. In addition, Elsevier invited him to author a chapter for their new "Solar-driven water treatment" book. He was also awarded first place in the Three Minutes Thesis (3MT) 2020 competition from the School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, representing them in the inter-faculty heats. Besides, due to his research contributions, he was awarded the "research student award" given by the UNSW postgraduate council. Overall, Amr's main goal is to provide a more clean, efficient, and cost-effective integration of solar-desalination systems to meet the ever-increasing energy-water demands.

Location
Room 402, Level 4, Ainsworth Building, Kensington campus
  • Book Chapters | 2021
    Omar A; Li Q; Saldivia Salazar D; Nashed A; Dang B, 2021, 'Solar-driven water treatment: Generation III - Low technology readiness', in Mahian O; Wei J; Taylor RA; Wongwises S (ed.), Solar-Driven Water Treatment Re-engineering and Accelerating Nature’s Water Cycle, Academic Press, pp. 201 - 261
  • Journal articles | 2022
    Li Q; Charlton AJ; Omar A; Dang B; Le-Clech P; Scott J; Taylor RA, 2022, 'A novel concentrated solar membrane-distillation for water purification in a building integrated design', Desalination, vol. 535, pp. 115828 - 115828, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2022.115828
    Journal articles | 2021
    Omar A; Li Q; Nashed A; Guan J; Dai P; Taylor RA, 2021, 'Experimental and numerical investigation of a new hollow fiber-based multi-effect vacuum membrane distillation design', Desalination, vol. 501, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2020.114908
    Journal articles | 2021
    Omar A; Nashed A; Li Q; Taylor RA, 2021, 'Experimental and numerical evaluation of the energy requirement of multi-stage vacuum membrane distillation designs', Separation and Purification Technology, vol. 257, pp. 117303 - 117303, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2020.117303
    Journal articles | 2021
    Omar A; Saldivia D; Li Q; Barraza R; Taylor RA, 2021, 'Techno-economic optimization of coupling a cascaded MED system to a CSP-sCO2 power plant', Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 247, pp. 1 - 38, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2021.114725
    Journal articles | 2020
    Li Q; Lian B; Zhong W; Omar A; Razmjou A; Dai P; Guan J; Leslie G; Taylor RA, 2020, 'Improving the performance of vacuum membrane distillation using a 3D-printed helical baffle and a superhydrophobic nanocomposite membrane', Separation and Purification Technology, vol. 248, pp. 117072 - 117072, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2020.117072
    Journal articles | 2020
    Li Q; Omar A; Cha-Umpong W; Liu Q; Li X; Wen J; Wang Y; Razmjou A; Guan J; Taylor RA, 2020, 'The potential of hollow fiber vacuum multi-effect membrane distillation for brine treatment', Applied Energy, vol. 276, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.115437
    Journal articles | 2020
    Omar A; Nashed A; Li Q; Leslie G; Taylor RA, 2020, 'Pathways for integrated concentrated solar power - Desalination: A critical review', Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 119, pp. 109609 - 109609, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2019.109609
    Journal articles | 2019
    Omar A; Saghafifar M; Mohammadi K; Alashkar A; Gadalla M, 2019, 'A review of unconventional bottoming cycles for waste heat recovery: Part II – Applications', Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 180, pp. 559 - 583, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2018.10.088
    Journal articles | 2019
    Saghafifar M; Omar A; Mohammadi K; Alashkar A; Gadalla M, 2019, 'A review of unconventional bottoming cycles for waste heat recovery: Part I – Analysis, design, and optimization', Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 198, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2018.10.047
    Journal articles | 2017
    Saghafifar M; Omar A; Erfanmoghaddam S; Gadalla M, 2017, 'Thermo-economic analysis of recuperated Maisotsenko bottoming cycle using triplex air saturator: Comparative analyses', Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 111, pp. 431 - 444, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.09.100
    Journal articles | 2016
    Omar A; Saghafifar M; Gadalla M, 2016, 'Thermo-economic analysis of air saturator integration in conventional combined power cycles', Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 107, pp. 1104 - 1122, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.06.181
  • Reports | 2022
    Omar A, 2022, Solar-Driven Membrane Distillation Overview, Begell House, http://dx.doi.org/10.1615/thermopedia.010196, https://thermopedia.com/content/10196/
    Theses / Dissertations | 2021
    Omar A, 2021, Membrane Distillation Development for Concentrated Solar Thermal Systems, University of New South Wales
    Conference Papers | 2020
    Omar A; Saldivia D; Nashed A; Li Q; Taylor R, 2020, 'Can concentrated solar-driven supercritical CO2 power cycles help address the energy-water nexus?', Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA, presented at SolarPACES Conference 20, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA, 29 September 2020 - 02 October 2020
    Conference Papers | 2019
    Omar A; Nashed A; Taylor R, 2019, 'Techno-Economic Feasibility of Large-Scale, Concentrated Solar Power and Desalination (CSP-D) Cogeneration Plants: A Case Study in Abu Dhabi', Sharjah, United Arab Emirates, presented at Sixth International Conference on Water, Energy and Environment (ICWEE/6), Sharjah, United Arab Emirates, 26 March 2019
    Conference Papers | 2018
    Omar AH; Nashed A; Taylor R, 2018, 'Single vs Multi-Stage Vacuum Membrane Distillation: An Energetic Analysis', in Proceedings of the 11th Australasian Heat and Mass Transfer Conference, AHMTC11, Australian Heat and Mass Transfer Conference, AHMTC 11, Melbourne, Australia, presented at Australian Heat and Mass Transfer Conference, AHMTC 11, Melbourne, Australia, 09 July 2018 - 10 July 2018
    Preprints |
    Charlton A; Li Q; Omar A; Dang B; Le-Clech P; Taylor R, A Novel Concentrated Solar Membrane-Distillation for Water Purification in a Building Integrated Design, http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3972691
  • Media | 2021
    Omar A; Taylor R; Leslie G, 2021, Contemplating The Solar-Desal Sunrise, Water Desalination Report

  • Development of a hollow fiber vacuum membrane distillation module with CSIRO Energy (2020-2021). This prototype was asked by CSIRO Energy for their research project on a process that integrates membrane desalination with amine-based CO2 capture (>6000 AUD).

  • Research student award from UNSW's postgraduate council, University of New South Wales, 2020.
  • First place in the three-minute thesis (3MT) in the school of mechanical and manufacturing engineering, University of New South Wales, 2020.
  • Australian postgraduate award full scholarship, University of New South Wales, 2017.
  • Engineering top-up award, University of New South Wales, 2017.
  • Runner up to the best postgraduate thesis in the School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering, University of Sydney, 2017.
  • Research assistantship position, American University of Sharjah, 2014.
  • Merit and Dean's List Awardee, American University of Sharjah, 2010 - 2014.

Amr Omar has been working with membrane distillation technologies, particularly vacuum membrane distillation (VMD). He has developed the first hollow fiber-based multi-effect vacuum membrane distillation design, where it recycles the latent heat from the distillate to reduce the specific energy consumption and increase the production capacity. His design can be used in multiple applications, such as seawater desalination, pre-treatment and post-treatment, biomedical applications (kidney dialysis), carbon capture technologies, and building integration clean water systems.

He has also investigated the integration of solar energy into well-developed desalination systems (e.g., multi-effect distillation, thermal vapor compression, multi-stage flash, and reverse osmosis). One of his ideas is to use the 'free' waste heat from a concentrated solar power (CSP) plant to drive a thermal desalination system to cogenerate electricity and freshwater. He has compared the conventional steam cycle and the supercritical CO2 cycle as the CSP plant's power blocks before being coupled with a desalination system. 

Accordingly, Amr's research aims to bridge the forgoing gaps by optimizing the hollow fiber VMD and integrating a well-established desalination process with a CSP plant.