Professor Tim Barrows
Associate Professor

Professor Tim Barrows

PhD (Quaternary Geology)

Research & Enterprise
Analyta

I work in past climate change, radiocarbon dating and landscape change. I am the Director of Research at the Chronos Radiocarbon Facility. I graduated with a BSc (first class Honours) from the Australian National University. I received an Australian Postgraduate Award and John Conrad Jaeger Scholarship and completed a PhD at the Research School of Earth Sciences. This also included a semester at the Quaternary Research Center, University of Washington. I spent my first postdoctoral fellowship at the Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research at the University of Colorado. Subsequently, I spent 5 years as an Australian Research Council Postdoctoral Fellow and then as a Research Fellow at the Department of Nuclear Physics, The Australian National University. I lectured at the University of Exeter from 2009 to 2018. I was awarded an Australian Research Council Future Fellowship in 2017. I held a joint appointment with the University of Portsmouth as Professor of Environmental Change from 2018-2023. 

Location
Hilmer Building
  • Books | 2011
    2011, The Glaciation of Australia, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-53447-7.00074-X
    Books | 2011
    2011, The Glaciation of the South-East Asian Equatorial Region, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-53447-7.00073-8
  • Book Chapters | 2014
    2014, 'Flank-collapse on ta’u island, samoan archipelago: Timing and hazard implications', in Landslide Science for a Safer Geoenvironment: Volume 3: Targeted Landslides, pp. 583 - 588, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-04996-0_89
    Book Chapters | 2011
    2011, 'Chapter 73 The Glaciation of the South-East Asian Equatorial Region', in Quaternary Glaciations - Extent and Chronology - A Closer Look, Elsevier, pp. 1023 - 1036, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-444-53447-7.00073-8
    Book Chapters | 2011
    2011, 'Chapter 74 The Glaciation of Australia', in Quaternary Glaciations - Extent and Chronology - A Closer Look, Elsevier, pp. 1037 - 1045, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-444-53447-7.00074-x
    Book Chapters | 2006
    2006, 'Exposure dating ( 10 Be, 26 Al) of natural terrain landslides in Hong Kong, China', in , pp. 131 - 146, http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/2006.2415(08)
  • Journal articles | 2023
    2023, 'Late Pleistocene chronostratigraphy and biostratigraphy of Mentelle Basin and its implications for global correlation', Marine Geology, 457, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.margeo.2023.107005
    Journal articles | 2023
    2023, 'The age and paleoclimate implications of relict periglacial block deposits on the New England Tablelands, Australia', Quaternary Research (United States), 111, pp. 121 - 137, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/qua.2022.32
    Journal articles | 2022
    2022, 'An extended last glacial maximum in the Southern Hemisphere: A contribution to the SHeMax project', Earth-Science Reviews, 231, pp. 104090 - 104090, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2022.104090
    Journal articles | 2022
    2022, 'Low-altitude periglacial activity in southeastern Australia during the late Pleistocene', Quaternary Research (United States), 107, pp. 125 - 146, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/qua.2021.72
    Journal articles | 2022
    2022, 'Timing and dynamics of Late Wolstonian Substage 'Moreton Stadial' (MIS 6) glaciation in the English West Midlands, UK', Royal Society Open Science, 9, http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsos.220312
    Journal articles | 2021
    2021, 'A continental perspective on the timing of environmental change during the last glacial stage in Australia', Quaternary Research (United States), 102, pp. 5 - 23, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/qua.2021.16
    Journal articles | 2020
    2020, 'Climatic evolution in the Australian region over the last 94 ka - spanning human occupancy -, and unveiling the Last Glacial Maximum', Quaternary Science Reviews, 249, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2020.106593
    Journal articles | 2020
    2020, 'Geospatial simulations of airborne ice-penetrating radar surveying reveal elevation under-measurement bias for ice-sheet bed topography', Annals of Glaciology, 61, pp. 46 - 57, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/aog.2020.35
    Journal articles | 2020
    2020, 'Late Pleistocene lake level history of Lake Mungo, Australia', Quaternary Science Reviews, 238, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2020.106338
    Journal articles | 2019
    2019, 'Automated mapping of relict patterned ground: An approach to evaluate morphologically subdued landforms using unmanned-aerial-vehicle and structure-from-motion technologies', Progress in Physical Geography, 43, pp. 174 - 192, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0309133318788966
    Journal articles | 2019
    2019, 'Land–sea correlations in the Australian region: 460 ka of changes recorded in a deep-sea core offshore Tasmania. Part 2: the marine compared with the terrestrial record', Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 66, pp. 17 - 36, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08120099.2018.1495101
    Journal articles | 2019
    2019, 'PaCTS 1.0: A Crowdsourced Reporting Standard for Paleoclimate Data', Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 34, pp. 1570 - 1596, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2019PA003632
    Journal articles | 2019
    2019, 'Robert W. Galloway (18 August 1929–1 April 2019)', Geographical Research, 57, pp. 374 - 375, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1745-5871.12366
    Journal articles | 2019
    2019, 'Soil functions and ecosystem services research in the Chinese karst Critical Zone', Chemical Geology, 527, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2019.03.018
    Journal articles | 2019
    2019, 'The age of Wolfe Creek meteorite crater (Kandimalal), Western Australia', Meteoritics and Planetary Science, 54, pp. 2686 - 2697, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/maps.13378
    Journal articles | 2019
    2019, 'Topographic variation in soil erosion and accumulation determined with meteoric 10 Be', Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 44, pp. 98 - 111, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/esp.4483
    Journal articles | 2018
    2018, 'Cosmogenic exposure dating constraints for coastal landslide evolution on the Island of Malta (Mediterranean Sea)', Journal of Coastal Conservation, 22, pp. 831 - 844, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11852-017-0551-3
    Journal articles | 2018
    2018, 'Production of 21Ne in depth-profiled olivine from a 54 Ma basalt sequence, Eastern Highlands (37° S), Australia', Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 220, pp. 276 - 290, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2017.09.035
    Journal articles | 2017
    2017, 'Ecosystem service delivery in Karst landscapes: anthropogenic perturbation and recovery', Acta Geochimica, 36, pp. 416 - 420, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11631-017-0180-4
    Journal articles | 2017
    2017, 'The cold climate geomorphology of the Eastern Cape Drakensberg: A reevaluation of past climatic conditions during the last glacial cycle in Southern Africa', Geomorphology, 278, pp. 184 - 194, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2016.11.011
    Journal articles | 2017
    2017, 'Using 36Cl exposure dating to date mass movement and assess land stability on the Nicholas Range, Tasmania', Landslides, 14, pp. 2147 - 2154, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10346-017-0868-x
    Journal articles | 2015
    2015, 'Causal links between Nile floods and eastern Mediterranean sapropel formation during the past 125 kyr confirmed by OSL and radiocarbon dating of Blue and White Nile sediments', Quaternary Science Reviews, 130, pp. 89 - 108, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.05.024
    Journal articles | 2014
    2014, 'A White Nile megalake during the last interglacial period', Geology, 42, pp. 163 - 166, http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/G35238.1
    Journal articles | 2014
    2014, 'Land-sea correlations in the Australian region: Post-glacial onset of the monsoon in northwestern Western Australia', Quaternary Science Reviews, 105, pp. 181 - 194, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.09.030
    Journal articles | 2013
    Petherick L; Bostock H; Cohen TJ; Fitzsimmons K; Tibby J; Fletcher MS; Moss P; Reeves J; Mooney S; Barrows T; Kemp J; Jansen J; Nanson G; Dosseto A, 2013, 'Climatic records over the past 30ka from temperate Australia - a synthesis from the Oz-INTIMATE workgroup', Quaternary Science Reviews, 74, pp. 58 - 77, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.12.012
    Journal articles | 2013
    2013, 'A review of the Australian-New Zealand sector of the Southern Ocean over the last 30ka (Aus-INTIMATE project)', Quaternary Science Reviews, 74, pp. 35 - 57, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.07.018
    Journal articles | 2013
    2013, 'Climate variability over the last 35,000 years recorded in marine and terrestrial archives in the Australian region: an OZ-INTIMATE compilation', Quaternary Science Reviews, 74, pp. 21 - 34, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.01.001
    Journal articles | 2013
    2013, 'Comparison of organic (UK'37, TEXH86, LDI) and faunal proxies (foraminiferal assemblages) for reconstruction of late Quaternary sea surface temperature variability from offshore southeastern Australia', Paleoceanography, 28, pp. 377 - 387, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/palo.20035
    Journal articles | 2013
    2013, 'Dating in the Craven Dales', Geology Today, 29, pp. 16 - 22, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2451.2013.00859.x
    Journal articles | 2013
    2013, 'Late Pleistocene glacial stratigraphy of the Kumara-Moana region, West Coast of South Island, New Zealand', Quaternary Science Reviews, 74, pp. 139 - 159, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.04.010
    Journal articles | 2013
    2013, 'Late Quaternary palaeoenvironmental change in the Australian drylands', Quaternary Science Reviews, 74, pp. 78 - 96, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.09.007
    Journal articles | 2013
    2013, 'Palaeoenvironmental change in tropical Australasia over the last 30,000 years - a synthesis by the OZ-INTIMATE group', Quaternary Science Reviews, 75, pp. 97 - 114, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.11.027
    Journal articles | 2013
    2013, 'Reply to the comments of Faulkner on Wilson et al., 2012. 'Surface lowering of limestone pavement as determined by cosmogenic (36Cl) analysis'. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 37: 1518-1526', Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 38, pp. 765 - 766, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/esp.3402
    Journal articles | 2013
    2013, 'The AUSTRALASIAN-INTIMATE project special volume', Quaternary Science Reviews, 74, pp. 1 - 3, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.05.021
    Journal articles | 2012
    2012, 'Climatic events during the late Pleistocene in New Zealand', Quaternary International, 279-280, pp. 41 - 41, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2012.07.179
    Journal articles | 2012
    2012, 'Late Pleistocene aeolian reactivation downwind of the Naracoorte East range, southeastern South Australia', Zeitschrift fur Geomorphologie, 56, pp. 225 - 237, http://dx.doi.org/10.1127/0372-8854/2012/0068
    Journal articles | 2012
    2012, 'Surface lowering of limestone pavement as determined by cosmogenic ( 36Cl) analysis', Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 37, pp. 1518 - 1526, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/esp.3260
    Journal articles | 2011
    2011, 'Late Pleistocene glaciation of the Mt Giluwe volcano, Papua New Guinea', Quaternary Science Reviews, 30, pp. 2676 - 2689, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.05.022
    Journal articles | 2011
    2011, 'Morphology and age of bouldery landslide deposits in forested dolerite terrain, Nicholas Range, Tasmania', Zeitschrift fur Geomorphologie, 55, pp. 383 - 393, http://dx.doi.org/10.1127/0372-8854/2011/0044
    Journal articles | 2011
    2011, 'The behaviour of the Leeuwin Current offshore NW Australia during the last five glacial-interglacial cycles', Global and Planetary Change, 75, pp. 119 - 132, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2010.10.015
    Journal articles | 2010
    2010, 'Advances in Quaternary studies in Tasmania', Geological Society Special Publication, 346, pp. 165 - 183, http://dx.doi.org/10.1144/SP346.10
    Journal articles | 2010
    2010, 'Holocene hydrologic variability in temperate southeastern Australia: An example from Lake George, New South Wales', Holocene, 20, pp. 585 - 597, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959683609356589
    Journal articles | 2010
    2010, 'Late Quaternary floods and droughts in the Nile valley, Sudan: new evidence from optically stimulated luminescence and AMS radiocarbon dating', Quaternary Science Reviews, 29, pp. 1116 - 1137, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.02.018
    Journal articles | 2010
    2010, 'OSL dating of southeast Australian quartz: A preliminary assessment of luminescence characteristics and behaviour', Quaternary Geochronology, 5, pp. 91 - 95, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quageo.2009.02.009
    Journal articles | 2009
    2009, 'Constraints on the magnitude and patterns of ocean cooling at the Last Glacial Maximum', Nature Geoscience, 2, pp. 127 - 132, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ngeo411
    Journal articles | 2009
    2009, 'Glacial and deglacial climatic patterns in Australia and surrounding regions from 35 000 to 10 000 years ago reconstructed from terrestrial and near-shore proxy data', Quaternary Science Reviews, 28, pp. 2398 - 2419, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.04.020
    Journal articles | 2008
    2008, 'Nucleogenic 36Cl, 236U and 239Pu in uranium ores', Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 266, pp. 3614 - 3624, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nimb.2008.06.009
    Journal articles | 2008
    2008, 'Response to comment on "absence of cooling in New Zealand and the adjacent ocean during the Younger Dryas chronozone"', Science, 320, http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1152216
    Journal articles | 2007
    2007, 'AMS of natural 236U and 239Pu produced in uranium ores', Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 259, pp. 727 - 732, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nimb.2007.01.210
    Journal articles | 2007
    2007, 'Absence of cooling in New Zealand and the adjacent ocean during the younger dryas chronozone', Science, 318, pp. 86 - 89, http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1145873
    Journal articles | 2007
    2007, 'Inter-comparison in 10Be analysis starting from pre-purified quartz', Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 259, pp. 571 - 575, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nimb.2007.01.298
    Journal articles | 2007
    2007, 'Interpreting erosion rates from cosmogenic radionuclide concentrations measured in rapidly eroding terrain', Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 32, pp. 390 - 406, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/esp.1415
    Journal articles | 2007
    2007, 'Long-term sea surface temperature and climate change in the Australian-New Zealand region', Paleoceanography, 22, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2006PA001328
    Journal articles | 2007
    2007, 'Manganese-53: Development of the AMS technique for exposure-age dating applications', Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B - Beam Interactions With Materials and Atoms, 259, pp. 236 - 240
    Journal articles | 2007
    2007, 'Paleoceanographic conditions in the western Caribbean Sea for the last 560 kyr as inferred from planktonic foraminifera', Marine Micropaleontology, 64, pp. 177 - 188, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marmicro.2007.04.004
    Journal articles | 2007
    2007, 'The timing of linear dune activity in the Strzelecki and Tirari Deserts, Australia', Quaternary Science Reviews, 26, pp. 2598 - 2616, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2007.06.010
    Journal articles | 2006
    2006, 'Aluminium-26 measurements with beryllium-10 counting statistics', Geochimica et Cosmochimica ACTA, 70, pp. A172
    Journal articles | 2006
    2006, 'Exposure dating and glacial reconstruction at Mt. Field, Tasmania, Australia, identifies MIS 3 and MIS 2 glacial advances and climatic variability', Journal of Quaternary Science, 21, pp. 363 - 376, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jqs.989
    Journal articles | 2006
    2006, 'Foraminifera and coccolithophorid assemblage changes in the Panama Basin during the last deglaciation: Response to sea-surface productivity induced by a transient climate change', Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 234, pp. 114 - 126, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2005.10.022
    Journal articles | 2006
    2006, 'Integration of ice-core, marine and terrestrial records for the Australian Last Glacial Maximum and Termination: a contribution from the OZ INTIMATE group', Journal of Quaternary Science, 21, pp. 751 - 761, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jqs.1073
    Journal articles | 2006
    2006, 'Radiocarbon dating of "old" charcoal using a wet oxidation, stepped-combustion procedure', Radiocarbon: an international journal of cosmogenic isotope research, 41, pp. 127 - 140, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033822200019482
    Journal articles | 2006
    2006, 'South Tasman Sea alkenone palaeothermometry over the last four glacial/interglacial cycles', Marine Geology, 230, pp. 73 - 86, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.margeo.2006.04.004
    Journal articles | 2006
    2006, 'The development of AMS measurements of manganese-53 for erosion rate studies', Geochimica et Cosmochimica ACTA, 70, pp. A430
    Journal articles | 2005
    2005, 'Palaeoceanography of the Banda Sea, and Late Pleistocene initiation of the Northwest Monsoon', Global and Planetary Change, 49, pp. 28 - 46, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2005.05.002
    Journal articles | 2005
    2005, 'Reconstruction of sea-surface temperatures from assemblages of planktonic foraminifera: Multi-technique approach based on geographically constrained calibration data sets and its application to glacial Atlantic and Pacific Oceans', Quaternary Science Reviews, 24, pp. 951 - 998, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2004.07.014
    Journal articles | 2005
    2005, 'Sea-surface temperatures around the Australian margin and Indian Ocean during the Last Glacial Maximum', Quaternary Science Reviews, 24, pp. 1017 - 1047, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2004.07.020
    Journal articles | 2004
    2004, 'Exposure ages for Pleistocene periglacial deposits in Australia', Quaternary Science Reviews, 23, pp. 697 - 708, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2003.10.011
    Journal articles | 2003
    2003, 'La Niña-like conditions in the eastern equatorial Pacific and a stronger Choco jet in the northern Andes during the last glaciation', Paleoceanography, 18, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2002PA000877
    Journal articles | 2002
    2002, 'The timing of the last glacial maximum in Australia', Quaternary Science Reviews, 21, pp. 159 - 173, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0277-3791(01)00109-3
    Journal articles | 2001
    2001, 'Late pleistocene glaciation of the kosciouszko massif, snowy mountains, Australia', Quaternary Research, 55, pp. 179 - 189, http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/qres.2001.2216
    Journal articles | 2000
    2000, 'Sea-surface temperatures of the southwest Pacific Ocean during the Last Glacial Maximum', Paleoceanography, 15, pp. 95 - 109, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/1999PA900047
    Journal articles | 1999
    1999, 'Neogene to Recent species of Krithe (Crustacea: Ostracoda) from the Tasman Sea and off southern Australia with description of five new species', Records of the Australian Museum, 51, pp. 1 - 22, http://dx.doi.org/10.3853/j.0067-1975.51.1999.486
    Journal articles | 1999
    1999, 'Palaeoceanography of the last glacial maximum in the eastern Indian Ocean: Planktonic foraminiferal evidence', Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 147, pp. 73 - 99, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-0182(98)00153-9
    Journal articles | 1998
    1998, 'Planktonic foraminifera from the eastern Indian Ocean: Distribution and ecology in relation to the Western Pacific Warm Pool (WPWP)', Marine Micropaleontology, 34, pp. 121 - 151, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0377-8398(97)00045-5
    Journal articles | 1997
    1997, 'Bauxitic insect pupal cases from northern Australia', Alcheringa, 21, pp. 157 - 160, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03115519708619182

2022 Boston, C., Lovell, H, Barrows, T.T, Timing of Pleistocene cirque glaciation in the Simien Mountains, Ethiopia

National Environmental Isotope Facility, UK, £31,435 ($56,000)

2018-2023 PI Barrows. Investigating the controls on the extent of tidewater glaciers (ICETIDE)

 Australian Research Council, Future Fellowship. $900,000

2016-2019 CI Quine, T., Barrows, T. T. Hartley, I., and Meersmans, J. University of Exeter. SPECTRA: Soil processes and ecological services in the karst critical zone of southwest China (NE/N007603/1)

Natural Environment Research Council (Newton), £600,824 ($A1.12M)

2011-2014 CI Shulmeister, Barrows and others The last glaciation maximum climate conundrum and environmental responses of the Australian continent to altered climate states. (DP110103081)

Australian Research Council, $527,000

2010-2013 Lead CI Barrows, Pillans Understanding global warming using long-term glacier retreat records. (DP1095053)

Australian Research Council, $160,000

2011-2014 Lead CI Barrows EX-GLACIER (A record of rapid climate-change from the Pyrenees, Spain)

Marie Curie International Reintegration Grant, €100,000 ($A162,000)

2011 Co-CI Mills, and Barrows The impact of the Agulhas Current on the Ice Age climate of the Drakensberg Mountains, South Africa

Royal Geographical Society, Peter Fleming Award, £9,000

2005-2008: Lead CI Barrows, Cosmogenic isotopes in glacial landscapes: climate change and production rates (DP0557143)

Australian Research Council. $290,000

My research centres on determining how the Earth's surface and climate systems evolve on long time scales. My primary focus is on using geochronology to study how climate change has affected the Earth within the last glacial cycle (about the last 125,000 years). I specialise in the use of cosmogenic nuclides (14C, 10Be, 26Al, 36Cl) to provide chronologies for climate records in glacial and periglacial landscapes and to provide ages for the timing of landscape change, such as lake formation and meteor impacts. I also work on developing climate proxy records to estimate climate change from glaciers, lakes and planktonic foraminifera. I am the research lead for the Chronos Radiocarbon Facility in the Mark Wainwright Analytical Centre. 

My Research Supervision

Sandra Koenigseder (UoW)

James Sanders (UoW)

Ryan North (UoW)