Scientia Professor Veena Sahajwalla
Professor

Scientia Professor Veena Sahajwalla

FAA FTSE HonFIEAust CPEng

Science
School of Materials Science & Engineering

ABOUT ME

Australian Research Council (ARC) Laureate Professor Veena Sahajwalla is an internationally recognised materials scientist, engineer and inventor revolutionising recycling science. She is renowned for pioneering the high temperature transformation of waste in the production of a new generation of ‘green materials.’  In 2018 Veena launched the world's first e-waste microfactory and in 2019 she launched her plastics microfactory, a recycling technology breakthrough. As the founding Director of the Centre for Sustainable Materials Research and Technology (SMaRT) at the University of New South Wales, Sydney, she is producing a new generation of green materials and products made entirely, or primarily, from waste. Veena also heads the ARC Industrial Transformation Research Hub for ‘green manufacturing’, a leading national research centre that works in collaboration with industry to ensure new recycling science is translated into real world environmental and economic benefits. In 2019 she was appointed inaugural Director of the Circular Economy Innovation Network by the NSW Government through its Office of Chief Scientist and Engineer. In 2019, she was honoured by Engineers Australia as a Centenary Hero for her work (https://www.createdigital.org.au/meet-engineer-helping-people-see-huge-possibilities-circular-economy/). In 2018 she was elected as Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science. In 2016, Veena was named one of Australia’s Most Innovative Engineers and in 2015, Veena named Australia’s 100 Most Influential Engineers, both by Engineers Australia. In 2013, Veena received the ‘Howe Memorial Lecture Award’, Pittsburgh, USA in appreciation for her lecture on ‘The Power of Steelmaking – harnessing high temperature reactions to transform waste into raw material resources’.

The new science of recycling
Veena is renowned for her internationally commercialised EAF ‘green’ steelmaking process that is utilising millions of waste tyres otherwise destined for landfill as a partial replacement for coke. The conceptual and scientific breakthroughs that underpin ‘green steel’ have paved the way for an unparalleled portfolio of new ‘waste to value’ science, built over years of research at the SMaRT Centre, with valuable contributions from industry partners. This approach is enabling her to transform many of the world’s most challenging waste streams -like e-waste, automotive waste, batteries– into value-added materials that can be redirected back into manufacturing. 

Microfactories - the future of green manufacturing
Veena is facilitating the roll out of safe, cost-effective ‘waste to value’ solutions via her unique microfactory model, which brings the solution to the (waste) problem for the first time. In future, these small-scale microfactories will enable local communities to produce many of the products, materials and resources they need locally, using resources largely derived from waste. This new approach promises to disrupt today’s highly centralised, vertically integrated industrial model and its mass global markets, as agile, scale technologies drive the decentralisation of manufacturing, with positive economic and social impacts. 

Recognition and engagement
Veena became one of Australia’s best-known scientists and inventors through her regular appearances as a judge on the long-running ABC TV series ‘The New Inventor’s; recent guest on ABC’s Q& A and on the ‘War on Waste’. Some of her recently given talks were: European Materials Research Society Fall Meeting 2018, Warsaw, Poland; Falling Wall Conference 2018, Berline, Germany, Farm2Fork Summit 2019, Sydney; TRANSFORM Conference 2019, Green Building Council of Australia. She continues her community engagement through regular public talks, her mentoring program for girls in science (Science 50:50) and regular media commentary. In the academic sphere, Veena has published more than 380 peer-reviewed papers and delivers keynote and invited speeches across Australia and worldwide. In 2018 she was elected as Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science. In 2017 Veena received PLuS Alliance Prize for Research Innovation and awarded the prestigious Jubilee Professorship by the Indian Academy of Sciences. In 2016, Veena was named one of Australia’s Most Innovative Engineers by Engineers Australia. In 2015, Veena was the Innovation Winner of the Australian Financial Review¬–Westpac 100 Women of Influence awards, and was named Australia’s 100 Most Influential Engineers (Engineers Australia). In 2014, she was awarded an ARC Australian Laureate Fellowship. In 2013, Veena received the ‘Howe Memorial Lecture Award’, Pittsburgh, USA in appreciation for her lecture on ‘The Power of Steelmaking – harnessing high temperature reactions to transform waste into raw material resources’. In 2012, Veena won the Australian Innovation Challenge (Overall Winner) for her innovation “Green Steel”. In the same year her ‘green steel’ technology was listed by the US Society for Manufacturing Engineers’ as among the ‘innovations that could change the way we manufacture’. She was elected as a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering (ATSE) in 2007 and a Fellow of the Institution of Engineers, Australia, in 2005, and a Honorary Fellow in 2015. 

Phone
+61 2 9385 6432
  • Book Chapters | 2013
    Lu L; Devasahayam S; Sahajwalla V, 2013, '14 Evaluation of coal for metallurgical applications', in The Coal Handbook: Towards Cleaner Production, Elsevier, pp. 352 - 386, http://dx.doi.org/10.1533/9781782421177.3.352
  • Journal articles | 2022
    Echeverria C; Pahlevani F; Sahajwalla V, 2022, 'Effect of temperature, holding time and gas atmospheres in the synthesis and evolution of polymer-derived nanoceramics: A pyrometallurgical approach to precision nanorecycling of multiphase microplastics', JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION, vol. 380, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2022.134883
    Journal articles | 2022
    Hossain R; Nekouei RK; Al Mahmood A; Sahajwalla V, 2022, 'Value-added fabrication of NiO-doped CuO nanoflakes from waste flexible printed circuit board for advanced photocatalytic application', Scientific Reports, vol. 12, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-16614-4
    Journal articles | 2022
    Khayyam Nekouei R; S. Mofarah S; Maroufi S; Tudela I; Sahajwalla V, 2022, 'Determination of the optimum potential window for super- and pseudocapacitance electrodes via in-depth electrochemical impedance spectroscopy analysis', Journal of Energy Storage, vol. 56, pp. 106137 - 106137, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.est.2022.106137
    Journal articles | 2022
    Shanker R; Khan D; Hossain R; Islam MT; Locock K; Ghose A; Sahajwalla V; Schandl H; Dhodapkar R, 2022, 'Plastic waste recycling: existing Indian scenario and future opportunities', International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13762-022-04079-x
    Journal articles | 2021
    Hemati S; Hossain R; Sahajwalla V, 2021, 'Selective thermal transformation of automotive shredder residues into high-value nano silicon carbide', Nanomaterials, vol. 11, http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nano11112781
    Journal articles | 2021
    Khayyam Nekouei R; Tudela I; Mofarah SS; Vahidi E; Maroufi S; Wang K; Pahlevani F; Sahajwalla V, 2021, 'Dual functionality of mixed Cu-based two-dimensional (2D) heterostructures derived from electronic waste', Green Chemistry, vol. 23, pp. 5511 - 5523, http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/d1gc00354b
    Journal articles | 2020
    Hossain R; Pahlevani F; Sahajwalla V, 2020, 'Revealing the mechanism of extraordinary hardness without compensating the toughness in a low alloyed high carbon steel', Scientific Reports, vol. 10, pp. 181, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-55803-6
    Journal articles | 2020
    Park TJ; Ko KH; Lee JH; Gupta S; Sahajwalla V; Kim BC, 2020, 'Coke Size Degradation and Its Reactivity Across the Tuyere Regions in a Large-Scale Blast Furnace of Hyundai Steel', Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science, vol. 51, pp. 1282 - 1288, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11663-020-01806-y
    Journal articles | 2020
    Tanaka Y; Pahlevani F; Kitamura SY; Privat K; Sahajwalla V, 2020, 'Behaviour of Sulphide and Non-alumina-Based Oxide Inclusions in Ca-Treated High-Carbon Steel', Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science, vol. 51, pp. 1384 - 1394, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11663-020-01872-2
    Journal articles | 2019
    Handoko W; Pahlevani F; Yao Y; Privat K; Sahajwalla V, 2019, 'From Waste to Multi-Hybrid Layering of High Carbon Steel to Improve Corrosion Resistance: An In-Depth Analysis Using EPMA and AFM Techniques', Surfaces, http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/surfaces2030036
    Journal articles | 2019
    Hossain R; Pahlevani F; Cholake ST; Privat K; Sahajwalla V, 2019, 'Innovative Surface Engineering of High-Carbon Steel through Formation of Ceramic Surface and Diffused Subsurface Hybrid Layering', ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, vol. 7, pp. 9228 - 9236, http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.9b00051
    Journal articles | 2019
    Kumar U; Goonetilleke D; Gaikwad V; Pramudita JC; Joshi RK; Sharma N; Sahajwalla V, 2019, 'Activated Carbon from E-Waste Plastics as a Promising Anode for Sodium-Ion Batteries', ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, vol. 7, pp. 10310 - 10322, http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.9b00135
    Journal articles | 2018
    Gaikwad V; Ghose A; Cholake S; Rawal A; Iwato M; Sahajwalla V, 2018, 'Transformation of E-Waste Plastics into Sustainable Filaments for 3D Printing', ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, vol. 6, pp. 14432 - 14440, http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b03105
    Journal articles | 2018
    Lian B; De Luca S; You Y; Sahajwalla V; Smith SC; Leslie G; Joshi RK, 2018, 'Extraordinary water adsorption characteristics of graphene oxide', Chemical Science, vol. 9, pp. 5106 - 5111, http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C8SC00545A
    Journal articles | 2018
    You Y; Jin XH; Wen XY; Sahajwalla V; Chen V; Bustamante H; Joshi RK, 2018, 'Application of graphene oxide membranes for removal of natural organic matter from water', Carbon, vol. 129, pp. 415 - 419, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2017.12.032
    Journal articles | 2017
    Khanna R; Ikram-Ul-Haq M; Rajarao R; Cayumil R; Rawal A; Sahajwalla V; Mukherjee PS, 2017, 'Novel multidimensional carbons from structural transformations of waste lignin: A low temperature pyrolysis investigation', Fuel Processing Technology, vol. 166, pp. 312 - 321, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2017.06.013
    Journal articles | 2017
    Khanna R; Ikram-Ul-Haq M; Rawal A; Rajarao R; Sahajwalla V; Cayumil R; Mukherjee PS, 2017, 'Formation of carbyne-like materials during low temperature pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass: A natural resource of linear sp carbons', Scientific Reports, vol. 7, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-17240-1
    Journal articles | 2017
    lian B; Deng J; leslie G; Bustamante H; Sahajwalla ; Nishina Y; Joshi RK, 2017, 'Surfactant modified graphene oxide laminates for filtration', Carbon, vol. 116, pp. 240 - 245, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2017.01.102
    Journal articles | 2016
    Farzana R; Rajarao R; Sahajwalla V, 2016, 'Characteristics of waste automotive glasses as silica resource in ferrosilicon synthesis', Waste Management and Research, vol. 34, pp. 113 - 121, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0734242X15617010
    Journal articles | 2016
    Mayyas M; Pahlevani F; Handoko W; Sahajwalla V, 2016, 'Preliminary investigation on the thermal conversion of automotive shredder residue into value-added products: Graphitic carbon and nano-ceramics', Waste Management, vol. 50, pp. 173 - 183, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2016.02.003
    Journal articles | 2016
    You Y; Sahajwalla V; Yoshimura M; Joshi RK, 2016, 'Graphene and Graphene Oxide for Desalination', Nanoscale, vol. 8, pp. 117 - 119, http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C5NR06154G
    Journal articles | 2015
    Sahajwalla V; Cayumil R; Khanna R; Ikram-Ul-Haq M; Rajarao R; Mukherjee PS; Hill A, 2015, 'Recycling Polymer-Rich Waste Printed Circuit Boards at High Temperatures: Recovery of Value-Added Carbon Resources', Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy, vol. 1, pp. 75 - 84, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40831-014-0002-4
    Journal articles | 2014
    Bandyopadhyay R; Gupta S; Lindblom B; Jonsson S; French D; Sahajwalla V, 2014, 'Assessment of ash deposition tendency in a rotary kiln using Thermo-mechanical analysis and Experimental Combustion Furnace', Fuel, vol. 135, pp. 301 - 307, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2014.06.064
    Journal articles | 2014
    Dankwah JR; Koshy P; Sahajwalla V, 2014, 'Reduction of FeO in EAF steelmaking slag by blends of metallurgical coke and end-of-life polyethylene terephthalate', Ironmaking & Steelmaking, vol. 41, pp. 401 - 409, http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/1743281213Y.0000000125
    Journal articles | 2014
    Ko KH; Rawal A; Sahajwalla V, 2014, 'Analysis of thermal degradation kinetics and carbon structure changes of co-pyrolysis between macadamia nut shell and PET using thermogravimetric analysis and 13C solid state nuclear magnetic resonance', Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 86, pp. 154 - 164, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2014.04.060
    Journal articles | 2014
    Ko KH; Sahajwalla V; Rawal A, 2014, 'Specific molecular structure changes and radical evolution during biomass-polyethylene terephthalate co-pyrolysis detected by 13C and 1H solid-state NMR', Bioresource Technology, vol. 170, pp. 248 - 255, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2014.06.109
    Journal articles | 2013
    Gupta S; Ye Z; Sahajwalla V; Kanniala R; Kerkkonen O, 2013, 'Coke graphitization and degradation across the tuyere regions in a blast furnace', Fuel, vol. 113, pp. 77 - 85, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2013.05.074
    Journal articles | 2013
    Wechsler A; Zaharia M; Crosky AG; Jones H; Ramirez MJ; Ballerini AA; Nunez MA; Sahajwalla VH, 2013, 'Macadamia shell and castor oil-based sustainable particleboard: a comparison of its properties with conventional wood based particleboard', Materials and Design, vol. 50, pp. 117 - 123, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2013.03.008
    Journal articles | 2012
    Dankwah J; Koshy P; O''kane P; Sahajwalla VH, 2012, 'Reduction of FeO in EAF Steelmaking Slag by Blends of Metallurgical Coke and End-of-Life Tyre', Steel Research International, vol. 83, pp. 766 - 774, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/srin.201200019
    Journal articles | 2011
    Dankwah JR; Koshy P; Saha-Chaudhury NM; O Kane P; Skidmore C; Knights D; Sahajwalla VH, 2011, 'Reduction of FeO in EAF steelmaking slag by metallurgical coke and waste plastics blends', ISIJ International, vol. 51, pp. 498 - 507, http://dx.doi.org/10.2355/isijinternational.51.498
    Journal articles | 2011
    Kongkarat S; Khanna R; Koshy P; O Kane P; Sahajwalla VH, 2011, 'Use of waste bakelite as a raw material resource for recarburization in steelmaking processes', Steel Research International, vol. 82, pp. 1228 - 1239, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/srin.201100104
    Journal articles | 2008
    Gupta SK; French D; Sakurovs R; Grigore M; Sun H; Cham T; Hilding T; Hallin M; Lindblom B; Sahajwalla VH, 2008, 'Minerals and iron-making reactions in blast furnaces', Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, vol. 34, pp. 155 - 197, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pecs.2007.04.001
    Journal articles | 2008
    Kazuberns KT; Gupta SK; Grigore M; French D; Sakurovs R; Hallin M; Lindblom B; Sahajwalla VH, 2008, 'Coke mineral transformations in the experimental blast furnace', Energy and Fuels, vol. 22, pp. 3407 - 3419, http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ef800295d
    Journal articles | 2008
    Koshy P; Gupta SK; Sahajwalla VH; Edwards P, 2008, 'Effect of CaF2 on interfacial phenomena of high alumina refractories with Al alloy', Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B - Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science, vol. 39, pp. 603 - 612, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11663-008-9169-z
    Journal articles | 2008
    Koshy P; Gupta SK; Sahajwalla VH; Edwards PS, 2008, 'Effect of silica on high-temperature interfacial phenomena of monolithic refractories with Al alloy', Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B - Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science, vol. 39, pp. 331 - 339, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11663-008-9138-6
    Journal articles | 2007
    Gupta SK; Dubikova M; French D; Sahajwalla VH, 2007, 'Characterization of the origin and distribution of the minerals and phases in metallurgical cokes', Energy and Fuels, vol. 21, pp. 303 - 313, http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ef060437d
    Journal articles | 2007
    Gupta SK; Dubikova M; French D; Sahajwalla VH, 2007, 'Effect of CO2 gasification on the transformations of coke minerals at high temperatures', Energy and Fuels, vol. 21, pp. 1052 - 1061, http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ef060462j
    Journal articles | 2006
    Gupta SK; Al-Omari YI; Sahajwalla VH; French D, 2006, 'Influence of carbon structure and mineral association of coals on their combustion characteristics for pulverized coal injection (PCI) application', Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B - Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science, vol. 37, pp. 457 - 473, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11663-006-0030-y
    Journal articles | 2006
    Kawakami M; Kanba H; Sato K; Takenaka T; Gupta SK; Sahajwalla VH; Chandratilleke R, 2006, 'Characterization of thermal annealing effects on the evolution of coke carbon structure using Raman spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction', ISIJ International, vol. 46, pp. 1165 - 1170, http://dx.doi.org/10.2355/isijinternational.46.1165
    Journal articles | 2005
    Gupta SK; Sahajwalla VH; Burgo J; Chaubal PC; Youmans T, 2005, 'Carbon structure of coke at high temperatures and its influence on coke fines in blast furnace dust', Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B - Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science, vol. 36, pp. 385 - 394, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11663-005-0067-3
    Journal articles | 2005
    Kang TW; Gupta SK; Saha-Chaudhury NM; Sahajwalla VH, 2005, 'Wetting and interfacial reaction investigations of coke/slag systems and associated liquid permeability of blast furnaces', ISIJ International, vol. 45, pp. 1526 - 1535, http://dx.doi.org/10.2355/isijinternational.45.1526
    Journal articles | 2000
    Siddiqi N; Bhoi B; Paramguru RK; Sahajwalla VH; Ostrovski O, 2000, 'Slag/Graphite Wettability and Reaction Kinetics: Part 2: Wettability influenced by Reduction Kinetics,', Ironmaking and Steelmaking, vol. 27, pp. 437 - 441, http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/030192300677750

Granting body

Project

Role

Period

Amount

NESP Sustainable Communities and Waste Hub

Sustainable Communities and Waste Hub

Hub host and leader

2021

$17 million

NSW Physical Sciences Fund

SMaRT Microfactories

Lead CI

2020

$790,000

ARC Research Hub

Mircrorecycling of battery and consumer wastes

Director

Lead CI

2020--2025

$6,785,250

NSW State Government

NSW Circular Economy Innovation Network

Director

2019--2021

$2,200,000

UNSW 2025 Strategic Funds

SMaRT MicrofactoriesTM

 

Lead CI

2016--2020

$4,200,000

ARC Discovery

Thermal isolation: a novel pathway to transforming complex waste

Lead CI

2018--2020

$267,804

CRC for Low Carbon Living Ltd

Prototyping, testing, optimising and demonstrating the industrial scale production of composite engineered stone from reclaimed glass

Lead CI

2018

$70,000

ARC Laureate Fellowship

Fundamental high temperature e-waste investigations for high-value products

ARC Laureate Fellow

2015--2020

$4,592,747

ARC Research Hub

Transforming waste directly in cost-effective green manufacturing

Director

Lead CI

2014--2019

$4,511,756

ARC LIEF

High Temperature Atomic Structure and Physical Property Analysis Facility

CI

2016--2018

$750,000

Science &Industry Endowment Fund

Recycling E-waste Metals and Polymers for Recovery of Value-Added Materials

Lead CI

2013--2015

$51,000

ARC Linkage

Microbiogen Pty Ltd

Recycling lignocellulosic agricultural waste as an iron oxide reductant in ferrous processing

Lead CI

2012--2016

$285,000

Hyundai Steel Company

Low coke blast furnace reaction forecasting

Lead CI

2012--2016

$214,890

Department of Industry, Innovation &Science/ Australia-India Strategic Research Fund

Novel Approach for Processing Hazardous Electronic Waste

Lead CI

2012--2015

$365,000

ARC Linkage OneSteel NSW

Novel Recycling Approach for Automotive Waste Glass and Plastics

Lead CI

2012—2014

$546,013

ARC Linkage

Hatch Associates

Lower temperature ironmaking: macro and atomic-level understanding of accelerated carburization of reduced iron

Lead CI

2012—2015

$450,000

ARC Future Fellowship

Transforming industrial waste into valuable carbons for iron-carbon alloys: Fundamental investigations of structure, impurity reactions and carbon dissolution

Lead CI

2009--2013

$891,200

  • 2019 BHERT for Outstanding Collaboration in Research & Development
  • 2018 Fellow of Australian Academy of Science
  • 2017 Inaugural winner of the PLuS Alliance (Arizona State University, The Kings College, London and UNSW) Prize for Research Innovation
  • 2017: Jubilee Professorship Award by Indian Academy of Science
  • 2016: Individual Awards, Professional Engineer of the Year, Engineers Australia, Sydney
  • 2016 Australia’s Most Innovative Engineers list, Engineers Australia
  • 2015 Australia’s Most Influential Engineers list, Engineers Australia
  • 2015 Engineers Australia, Honorary Fellowship
  • 2015. Australian Financial Review & Wespac Group, 100 Women of Influence Award, Innovation Category
  • 2014, Australian Research Council Laureate Fellowship & Georgina Sweet Award
  • 2014, Sydney Engineering Excellence Awards, President's Award, SMaRT Centre and joint entrants OneSteel and Brickworks Building Products
  • 2014, Sydney Engineers Excellence Awards
  • 2013 The Howe Memorial Lecture Award
  • 2012 Banksia Award, GE Eco Innovation Award for Individual Excellence
  • 2012 Overall winner of The Australian Challenge Innovation
  • 2012 CRC Australian collaborative Innovation Award
  • 2012 UNSW Innovation Awards - Innovation Excellence Winner
  • 2011 National winner Telstra Business Women’s Award, Innovation
  • 2011 Pravasi Bharatiya Samman Award, (outstanding achievement in the field of Science), Government of India
  • 2009 Josef Kapitan Award best cokemaking paper, Association of Iron & Steel Technology (AIST) USA
  • 2008 New South Wales Scientist of the Year Award (Category of Engineering Sciences) Australia
  • 2006 Environmental Technology Award (best paper and presentation) AIST, USA; 2006 Charles Briggs Award (best paper in electric steelmaking), AIST, USA
  • 2005 Eureka Prize for Scientific Research (innovations in recycling waste plastics in steelmaking), Australia

ARC Laureate Project-- Fundamental high temperature e-waste investigations for high-value products

Under ARC Laureate fellowship, Professor Veena Sahajwalla and her team have opened up numerous new pathways for the transformation of complex and problematic electronic waste streams into practical, commercially viable ‘green materials’ for production. Over the past 4 years, SMaRT Centre, has developed original research on atomic, molecular and micro-level understanding of various e-waste streams -- and their behaviour at high temperatures – with promising results. ARC Laureate fellowship has provided the scientific foundation for a novel concept ‘environmentally and economically sustainable microfactory of e-waste’. It has opened advanced ‘niche’ markets for valued-added metals and alloys derived from the untapped potential of 30-50 million tonnes of hazardous e-waste generated annually worldwide. The possible global economic, environmental and human benefits of a cost-effective, safe micro-recycling solution, that can be deployed locally, are immense.

ARC Hub Project— Transforming waste directly in cost-effective green manufacturing

The ARC Industrial Transformation Research Hub for ‘Green Manufacturing’ was establised in 2014. The hub aimed to create a unique opportunity for completely different industries to come together, with a common goal of creating value from mixed plastic and glass waste in manufacturing. The Research Hub assisted Australian manufacturers to achieve sustainability targets, obtain new products from re-formed waste streams and enable them to become more competitive at a global level through the development of ground-breaking processes and product innovations.

Microfactories - the future of green manufacturing model

Veena is facilitating the roll-out of safe, cost-effective waste to value solutions via her unique microfactory model.  Microfactories are small, bespoke, adaptable modular recycling plants, located wherever waste may be stockpiled, thereby bringing the solution to the (waste) problem for the first time. In the future, microfactories will enable local communities to produce resources and products from waste generated by the community. The microfactory approach disrupts today’s large-scale, centralised, vertically-integrated manufacturing and waste management models to agile and decentralised models, which have positive economic, social and environmental impacts. Using Veena’s high temperature approach in the microfactory model, e-waste can be safely transformed into valuable metal alloys, plastic 3D printer filament and other advanced materials, like silicon carbide nanoparticles; with multiple industrial uses. High quality green materials, such as benchtops, panelling and flooring, can manufactured from mixed glass and plastics and other common wastes currently destined for landfill.