Disease mapping is the field of spatial epidemiology interested in characterising how disease risk across different geographical regions. A key aim is to identify regions which exhibit significantly elevated disease risk levels, thus allowing public health interventions to be focused on these areas.  Bayesian models utilising a so-called Conditional Auto-Regressive (CAR) structure are typically used in these settings.  These models usually assume a spatially smooth risk surface across the entire region, but this is not necessarily realistic in practice.  Using a case study of respiratory hospital admissons in Glasgow, Scotland, a city with many localised inequalities, I will present two alternative approaches which use clustering techniques to allow for discontinuities in the spatial structure.   One of these approaches utilised Integrated Nested Laplace Approximation (INLA), and I will touch on its use as a computationally efficient tool for approximate Bayesian inference.


Craig Anderson

Research Area

University of Technology Sydney


Fri, 23/09/2016 - 4:00pm


RC-M032, Red Centre, UNSW